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Full text of "Constitution and discipline of the Methodist Protestant Church"

D46.7 




FROM THE LIBRARY OF 



REV. LOUIS FITZGERALD BENSON, D. D. 



BEQUEATHED BY HIM TO 



THE LIBRARY OF 



PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 



ScAr 

DlvUics 



Section 



i 



CONSTilUHtttldfc 1936 



% 






AND 



DISCIPLINE 



METHODIST PROTESTANT 



CHURCH. 



BALTIMORE*. 

Published for the Rook committee of the Methodist Protestant Church 
BY JOHN J. HARROD, 

Book Agent of the M. P. Church. 
\VM. WOODDY, PRINT. 

1830." 



r 



DISTRICT OF MARYLAND, SS. 

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on this sixth day December, in the 

<>••••<> fifty-fourth year of the Independence of the United 
\ SEAL. \ States of America. JOHN J. HARROD, Book Agent 

<►••/'•«> of the Methodist Protestant Church, in these United 
States, of the said District, hath deposited in this office, the title of 
» book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words fol- 
lowing, to wit: 

"The Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist Protestant 
Church." 

In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled 
"An Act for the encouragement of learning. by securing the copies 
of maps, charts and books, to the authors and proprietors of such 
copies during the times therein mentioned;" and also to the act enti- 
tled l An Act supplementary to the act, entitled an act for the en- 
couragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and 
books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times 
therein mentioned, and extendiug the benefits thereof to the arts of 
designing, engraving,and etching historical and other prints.' 

PHILIP MOORE. 
Clirk of tht Dist. ict of Maryland. 



BRIEF 
HISTORICAL PREFACE. 

"In the year 17*29, two young men in England, 
reading the Bible, saw they could not be saved 
without holiness; followed after it, and incited 
others so to do. In 1737, they saw likewise, 
that men are justified before they are sanctified; 
but still holiness was their object. God then 
thrust them out to raise a holy people." These 
were John and Charles Wesley. 

"In the latter end of the year, 1739, eight or 
ten persons came to Mr. Wesley, in London, 
who appeared to be deeply convinced of sin, 
and earnestly groaning for redemption. They 
desired (as did two or three more the next day) 
that he would spend sometime with them in 
prayer, and advise them how to flee from the 
wrath to come, which they saw continually 
hanging over their heads. That he might have 
more time for this great work, he appointed a 
day when they might all come together, which 



IV PREFACE. 

from thence forward they did every week. To 
these and as many more as desired to join with 
them (for their number increased daily) he gave 
those advices, from time to time, which he judg- 
ed most needful for them; and they always con- 
cluded their meeting with prayer, suited to their 
several necessities." This was the rise of the 
United Society in Europe. Such a society is 
no other than, "a company of men having the 
form and seeking the power of godliness, unit- 
ed in order to pray together, to receive the word 
of exhortation, and to watch over one another 
in love, that they may help each other to work 
out their salvation." 

Philip Embury, a preacher from Ireland, began 
to preach in the city of New York, some time in 
the year 1766, and formed a society of his own 
countrymen and a few of the citizens. In the 
same year Captain Thomas Webb, preached in 
in a hired room, near the barracks. About the 
same time Robert Strawbridge, settled in Frede- 
ric county, state of Maryland, and formed some 
societies. Richard Boardman, and Joseph Pil- 
moor, came over from England, in 1769, to New 
York, in the character of missionaries; and to- 
ward the close of the year 1771, Francis Asbury 
and Richard Wright, came over also by the di- 



PREFACE. 



lection of Mr. Wesley, to assist the American 
Methodist preachers and societies. 

At the close of the year 1781, the methodist 
societies, in these United States, were organized 
l>\ l conference of preachers exclusively, into 
what M called the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and made independent of Mr. Wesley. The go- 
vernment was so framed hy the conference, as to 
secure to the itinerant ministers, the unlimited ex- 
ercise of the legislative, executive, and judicial 
powers of the church, to the entire exclusion of 
all other classes of ministers, and all the people. 
Subsequent general conferences exhibited mar- 
ked dissatisfaction at the leading features of the 
government, and a very respectable minority 
struggled hard to effect some salutary improve- 
ments, but without producing any important 
changes. The opposition of the minority con- 
tinued with unabating ardour, until the member- 
ship became more fully acquainted with the ge- 
nius of the government, under which their spi- 
ritual guides had placed them, without their 
knowledge or consent. In 1820, a periodical 
was instituted, entitled the Wesleyan Reposito- 
ry, and was continued up to the sitting of the 
general conference of 18*24. Numerous peti- 
tions were presented to that body, praying for a 



VI PREFACE. 

representation of ministers and laymen in the 
rule making department; but no change, either 
in the principle or in the practical operations 
of the government, could be obtained. 

Immediately after the rise of the general con- 
ference of 18*24, a meeting, composed of some 
distinguished members of the conference, and of 
reformers from different parts of the United 
States, was held in this city, at which it was de- 
termined, to publish a periodical pamphlet enti- 
tled; "The Mutual Rights of the ministers and 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, " 
"for the purpose of giving the Methodist commu- 
nity a suitable opportunity to enter upon a calm 
and dispassionate discussion of the subjects in 
dispute." The meeting also determined to re- 
solve itself into a Union Society; and recom- 
mended that similar societies be raised in all 
parts of the United States, "in order to ascer- 
tain the number of persons in the Methodist E. 
Church, friendly to a change in her government. " 
This measure was followed by much persecu- 
tion of reformers. In Tennessee, fourteen offi- 
cial members were expelled for attempting to 
form a Union Society. 

Some time during the spring of the year 
1826, the Baltimore Union Society, recommend- 
ed state conventions to be held in the several 



Mill Ml 

states, for the exclusive purpose of making in- 
ijniry into the propriety of preparing one united 
petition to the approaching general conference 
of [828, praying for Rbprssentatiow; and to 
elect delegates to meet in a general convention 
for the purpose. Conventions were according- 
ly held, and delegates elected; in consequence of 
which, reformers, in different parts of the coun- 
try, were made to feel the displeasure of men in 
power. In North Carolina, several members of 
the Granville Union Society, were expelled for 
being members thereof. In the fall of 18*27, eleven 
ministers were suspended, and finally expelled 
from the Methodist E. Church in this city, and 
twenty-two laymen, for being members of the 
union society, and supporters of the mutual 
rights. About fifty of the female friends of the 
suspended and expelled brethren immediately 
withdrew from the church, after addressing a 
letter to the preacher in charge, in which they 
say; ^to find our dear companions, fathers, 
brothers, children and friends, treated as crimi- 
nals and enemies, persecuted, suspended, and 
expelled; denounced as backsliders and distur- 
bers of the peace, and ourselves treated coldly 
and distantly by our former friends, and by our 
pastors; and all for a nun differena of opinion 
about church government, is more than we fuel 



Till PREFACE. 

bound in christian charity longer to endure; and, 
therefore, we feel it our duty, in the fear of God, 
to withdraw from the church." The expelled 
brethren and their friends immediately organized 
under Mr. Wesleys' general rules, taking the 
title of, the Associated Methodist Reformers. 

November, 1827, the general convention as- 
sembled in this city, composed of ministers and 
lay delegates, elected by the state conventions 
and union societies. This convention pre- 
pared a memorial to the general conference of 
May 1828, praying that the government of the 
church might be made representative, and more 
in accordance with the mutual rights of the 
ministers and people. To this memorial, the 
general conference replied, in a circular, by 
claiming for the itinerant ministers of their 
church, an exclusive divine right to the same un- 
limited and unamenable power which they had 
exercised over the whole church, from the es- 
tablishment of their government in 1784. Soon 
after the rise of the general conference several 
reformers in Cincinnati, Lynchburg, and other 
places, were expelled for being members of union 
societies^ and supporters of the mutual rights. 

The reformers now perceiving, that all hope 
of obtaining a change in the government of the 
church had vanished, withdrew in considerable 



PBS] i\ 

numbers, in different parts of the United St 

and called another general convention, to as- 
semble in this qjty, November 12, 1828. This 

convention drew up s< vcnteen " Articles of As- 
sociation" to serve as a provisional government 

for the Associated Methodist Churches, until 
a Constitution and book of Discipline could be 
prepared by a subsequent convention, to beheld 
in November 1830. 

Agreeably to appointment, the Convention as- 
sembled, in the city of Baltimore, in St. John's 
Church, Liberty street, on the 2nd day of 
November, 1830, and continued its session 
to the 23rd inclusive. During which period it 
formed, and adopted the following Constitution 
and Discipline, for the government of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Church. 

The Rev. Francis Waters, D.D. of Baltimore, 
was elected President; Mr. Win. C. Lipscomb, 
of Georgetown, D. C. was chosen Secretary, 
and Mr. William S. Stockton, of Philadelphia, 
assistant Secretary. 

The following named persons were duly elect- 
ed members of the Convention, by the re- 
tive annual conferences of the Associated Meth- 
odist Churches. 



« 



Delegates elected to the General Cox 
vention. 

VERMONT CONFERENCE. 

Rev. Nathaniel Gage, Mr. Daniel Norton, 
MASSACHUSETTS CONFERENCE. 
Rev. Thos. F. Norris. Col. Amos Binney. 

NEW YORK AND CANADA CONFER- 
ENCE. 
Rev. Daniel Bromley. 

GENNESSEE CONFERENCE. 
Rev. Isaac Fister, Mr. John Woodward, 

Rev. Elias B. Dare, " William G. Miller, 

*Rev. James Covel, " Eden Foster, 

Rev. Orren Miller, " Richard Harris, 

NEW YORK CONFERENCE. 
Rev. George Thomas, Mr. George Smith, 

PENNSYLVANIA CONFERENCE. 
Rev. John Smith, Caleb Rodney, Esq. 

Thomas Pearson, Mr. Arch'd Campbell, 



Hiram R. Harrold, 
Geo. A. Raybold, 
Samuel Budd, 
James Brindle, 
Dr. Thos. Dunn, 
K. S. Cropper, 
Dr. Phineas Price, 
Taber Chadvvick, 



Ebenezer Cropper, 
(% Arnold S. Naudain. 
" Jeremiah Stull, 
" Uriah Baxter, 
" Elisha Chew,. 
" David B. Salter, 
" James Moore, 
" Robert Hodgson, 



* Those in italics were not present. 






Rev. S. Hutchinson, Dr* Win. K.Mason, 

'• Dr. Win. Morgan, Mr. Daniel R. Acklvy, 

" John Frrnon, " Jeremiah Waftom, 

" David Rundell, " Wm. S. Stockton, 



MARYLAND 

Ministers. 

Rev. Eli Henkle, 
• W. W. Wallace, 
Dr. J. S. Reese, 
" D. B. Dorsey, 
11 T.H.Stockton, 
11 Isaac Webster, 
11 Wm. C. Pool, 
11 Dr. S.K.Jennings, 
" F. Waters, D.D. 
11 J. R. Williams, 
" D. Zollickofler, 
11 Benj. Richardson, 
11 S. Linthicum, 
" Thos. Melvin, 



conference: 

Lay Delegates. 

Hon. Phil. B. Hopper, 
Mr. Gideon Davis, 
" John J. Harrod, 
11 Henry Willis, 
(\>1. W.DouAtj, 
Mr. Daniel McLeod, 
J. H. Devor, Esq. 
Mr. Abner Linlhicurn, 
'* Elias Crutchiey, 
11 Lewis Shipley, 
" Henry Webster, 
11 John Constable, 
James Parrott, Esq. 
Mr. Rich'd Chambers. 



VIRGINIA CONFERENCE. 



Ministers. 

Rei . AJex'd McCaine, 

<: Dr. John French, 
" Dr. Crawley Finney, 

11 Dr.J.W.Holcombe, 

" Miles King, 

11 Benedict Burgess, 



Lay Delegates. 

Everard Hall, Esq. 
Mr. John Victor, 

" W.S. Sclater, sen. 
Dr. Andrew Wood ley. 
Dr. Hiram Harding, 
Mr. B. Starke. 



(XII) 

NORTH CAROLINA CONFERENCE. 

Ministers. Lay Delegates. 

Rev. Wm. W. Hill, S. Whitaker, Esq. 

" Willis Harris, Mr. John F. Bellamy, 

11 Josiah R. Horn, " Ivy Harris. 

GEORGIA CONFERENCE. 

Ministers. Lay Delegates. 

Rev. Aaron G. Brewer, Col. R. A. Blount, 
" Eppes Tucker, Charles Kennon, Esq. 

ALABAMA CONFERENCE. 

Minister. Lay Delegate. 

Rev. Britton Capel, Dr. Edward H. Cook, 
OHIO CONFERENCE. 
Ministers. Lay Delegates. 

Rev. Asa Shinn, Mr. James Foster, 

" Cornelius Springer, " Wilson S. Thorn, 
11 Nicholas Snethen, •' Thos. McKeever, 
" George Brown, " J. B. W. Haynes, 

" Charles Avery, " John Souder, 

tm John Fordyce, " D. P. Wilkins, 

11 Matthew Nelson, " Stephen Beall } 
" David Edwards, " H. C. Dorsey. 

WESTERN VIRGINIA CONFERENCE. 

Minister. Lay Delegate. 

Rev. George A. Read, Mr. Jas. Carpenter. 



CONSTITUTION 

OF TIM. 

METHODIST PROTESTANT 

W E, t ho Representatives of the Associated 
Methodist Churches, in General Convention 
rfpsembledj acknowledging the Lord Jesus 
Christ, as the only Head of the Church, and 
the word of God, as the sufficient rule of faith 
and practice, in all things pertaining to godli- 
and being fully persuaded, that the re- 
presentative form of church government is 
the most scriptural, best suited to our condi- 
tion, and most congenial with our views and 
feelings as fellow-citizens with the saints, and 
of the house-hold of God; AND, Whereas, a 
written Constitution, establishing the form of 
government, and securing to the Ministers 
and Members of the Church their rights and 
privileges, is the best safeguard of Christian 
liberty; We, therefore, trusting in the protec- 
tion of Almighty God, and acting in the name 
and by the authority of our constituents, do 
ordain and establish, and agree to be govern- 
ed by the following elementary principles and 

Constitution: 
o 



14 ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES. 

1. A Christian Church is a society of be- 
lievers in Jesus Christ, and is of divine insti- 
tution. 

2 Christ is the only Head of the Church; 
and the word of God the only rule of faith 
and conduct. 

3 No person who loves the Lord Jesus 
Christ, and obeys the gospel of God our Sa- 
viour, ought to be deprived of church mem- 
bership. 

4 Every man has an inalienable right to 
private judgment, in matters of religion; and 
an equal right to express his opinion, in any 
way which will not violate the laws of God, 
or the rights of his fellow men. 

5 Church trials should be conducted on gos- 
pel principles only; and no minister or mem- 
ber should be excommunicated except for im- 
morality; the propagation of unchristian doc- 
trines; or for the neglect of duties enjoined by 
the word of God. 

6 The pastoral or ministerial office and du- 
ties are of divine appointment; and all elders 
in the church of God are equal; but ministers 
are forbidden to be lords over God's heritage, 
or to have dominion over the faith of the 
saints. 

7 The church has a right to form and en- 
force such rules and regulations only, as are in 
accordance with the holy scriptures, and may 
be necessary or have a tendency to carry into 
effect the great system of practical Christianity. 

8 Whatever power may be necessary to 



cow 11 ruTioK. 15 

the formation of rules and regulations, i- in- 
herent in the ministers ami members of the 

church; but so much of that power may be 
ited, from time to time, upon a plan of 
representation, as they may judge necessary 
and proper. 

9 It is the duty of all ministers and mem- 
bers of the Church to maintain godliness, and 
to oppose all moral evil. 

10 It is obligatory on ministers of the gos- 
pel to be faithful in the discharge of their 
pastoral and ministerial duties; and it is also 
obligatory on the members, to esteem min- 
isters highly for their works' sake, and to 
render them a righteous compensation for 
their labours. 

1 1 The Church ought to secure to all her 
otlicial bodies the necessary authority for the 
purposes of good government; but she has 
no right to create any distinct or independent 
sovereignties. 

CONSTITUTION. 

ARTICLE I. 
Title. 
This Association shall be denominated, 
The Methodist Proi »> r \vr Church, com- 
prising the Associated Methodist Churches. 

ARTICLE II. 

Terms of Membership. 
I. There is only one condition Required of 
those who apply for membership in an Asso- 



16 CONSTITUTION. 

ciated Methodist Church, viz: A desire to 
flee from the wrath to come, and be saved by 
grace, through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ; 
with, an avowed determination to walk in all the 
commandments of God blameless. 

But those who may continue therein, must 
give evidence of this desire and determina- 
tion, by conforming to such rules of moral 
discipline as the word of God requires. 

II. There shall be a state of probationary 
privileges in which persons shall be held as 
candidates for admission into membership in 
this Church, preparatory to their being re- 
ceived into full membership, by a compliance 
with the terms thereof. 

III. The children of our members, and 
those under their guardianship, shall be re- 
cognized as enjoying probationary privileges, 
and held as candidates for membership; and 
may be put into classes, as such, with the 
consent of their parents or guardians. 

ARTICLE III. 
Division into Districts, Circuits, and Stations. 

I. Those parts of the United States em- 
braced by this Association, shall be divided 
into districts, having respectively such boun- 
daries as may be agreed on at this Conven- 
tion, subject to those alterations which may 
be made or authorized, from time to time, by 
the General Conference. 

II. Each district shall be divided into cir- 



C0HITITUT10N. 17 

Ooitfl and Itations, by its annual conference. 
III. Kvrrv minister or preacher, removing 
dom one district to another; and every mem- 
ber retaoving from one circuit, station, or 
church to another, having a certificate of his 
or her good Standing, shall be entitled to 
membership in any other district, circuit, sta- 
tion or Associated Methodist Church within 
the limits of this Association, to which he or 
she may apply for membership. 

ARTICLE IV. 

On receiving Churches, fyd 

I. Any number of believers united as a 
religious Society or Church, embracing the 
principles of religious truth held by this As- 
sociation, adopting this Constitution, and 
conforming to our book of discipline, and 
means of grace, shall, at their request, made 
to the president of an annual conference, 
or the superintendent of a circuit or station, 
be recognized as an Associated Methodist 
Church, and be entitled to all the privileges 
granted by this Constitution; subject, how- 
ever, to the decision of the most adjacent 
quarterly conference. 

II. An associated church or society shall 
be composed of any number of members 
residing sufficiently near each other to as- 
semble statedly for public worship, and to 
transact its temporal business. And every 
church shall be divided, when it becomes ne- 

2* 



IS CONSTITUTION. 

cessary, into smaller companies or classes, for 
the purposes of religious instruction and edi- 
fication. 

III. Every church or society shall have 
power, by the concurrence of a majority of 
two-thirds of its qualified male members, pre- 
sent at any meeting called for the purpose, to 
purchase, build, lease, sell, rent, or otherwise 
obtain or dispose of property, for the mu- 
tual benefit of the church. Each church shall 
also have power to admit persons into full 
membership; and to try, censure, or expel un- 
worthy members, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of this constitution, and the rules of 
discipline. 

IV. But no church whatever shall be con- 
tinued in connexion with this Association, 
which does not conform to this constitution, 
and the regulations contained in the book 
of discipline; or which may hereafter reject 
any part or provision thereof. 

ARTICLE Y. 

Leaders' Meeting. 
In every station there shall be a leaders' 
meeting, composed of all the class leaders 
and stewards; the superintendent shall be 
chairman of the meeting. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Quarterly Conferences. 
I. There shall be four Quarterly Conferen- 
ces in each circuit and station, in every con- 
ference year, to be composed of all the min- 



CONSTITUTION. 19 

isters,* preachers, exhorters, stewards and lea- 
ders, and trustees, in full membership, belong* 
ing to 1 1 1 < ^ circuit or station; Provided that 
the superintendent shall have authority to call 
special meetings of the quarterly conference 
at other tunes, when circumstances make it 
necessary. 

II. Each quarterly conference shall he 
vested with power to examine into the offi- 
cial character of all its members, and to ad- 
monish or reprove as occasion may require; 
to grant to persons, properly qualified and 
recommended by the class of which the ap- 
plicant is a member, license to preach and ex- 
hort, and renew their license annually; to ad- 
mit ministers and preachers coming from any 
associated church; to recommend ministers 
and preachers to the annual conference to 
travel, and for ordination; to hear and decide 
on appeals; and to perform such other du- 
ties as are authorized by this convention. 
Provided, nevertheless, that no person shall 
he licensed to preach until he shall have been 
first examined, and recommended by a com- 
mittee of five, composed of ministers and 
laymen, chosen by the quarterly conference. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Composition and powers of the Annual Con- 
i uces. 
1 There shall be held annually within the 
limits of each district, a Conference, to be 

* A minister is one who is ordained; a preacher 
acts under a license. 



20 CONSTITUTION. 

denominated the annual conference, com- 
posed of all the ordained itinerant ministers 
belonging to the district: that is, all ministers 
properly under the stationing authority of the 
conference; and of one delegate from each 
circuit and station for each of its itinerant 
ministers; provided, however, that every cir- 
cuit and station shall have at least one dele- 
gate. Each annual conference shall regu- 
late the manner of elections, in its own dis- 
trict; provided, however, that the election of 
delegates to the first annual conferences, 
under this constitution, shall be according to 
such regulations as may be adopted for that 
purpose by the quarterly conferences of the 
respective circuits and stations. 

II The annual conferences respectively, 
shall be vested with power to elect a presi- 
dent, annually; to examine into the official con- 
duct of all its members; to receive by vote, 
such ministers and preachers into the confer- 
ence as come properly recommended, and 
who can be efficiently employed as itinerant 
preachers, or missionaries; to elect to orders 
those who are eligible and competent to the 
pastoral office; to hear and decide on appeals; 
to define and regulate the boundaries of cir- 
cuits and stations: to station the ministers, 
preachers and missionaries; and to perform 
such other duties as are prescribed by this 
Convention, or may be prescribed by the Gen- 
eral Conference. 

III. To make such rules and regulations 
as may be necessary to defray the expenses 



CONfttlTUTIOff* 21 

of the itinerant ministers preacheraand their 
families; to raise the amount of their .salaries 
■S fixed by the convention, ami for all other 
pu; i Qecled with the organization and 

continuance of said conferences. 

IV The annual conferences, respectively, 
shall also have authority to perforin the fol- 
lowing additional duties: — 

1st To make such special rules and regu- 
lations as the peculiarities of the district may 
require; provided, however, that no rule or 
regulation be made, inconsistent with this 
constitution. And provided, furthermore, that 
the general conference shall have power to 
annul any rule or regulation which that body 
may deem unconstitutional. 

Sd. To prescribe and regulate the mode of 
Stationing the ministers and preachers within 
the district; provided always, that they grant 
to each minister or preacher stationed, an 
appeal, during the sitting of the conference. 
3d, Each annual conference shall have 
exclusive power to make its own rules and 
regulations for the admission and government 
of coloured members within its district; and to 
make for them such terms of suffrage as the 
ceoferena Lively may deem proper. 

But neither the general conference nor 
any annual conference, shall assume pow- 
er to interfere with the constitutional pow- 
ers of the civil governments, or with the op- 
erations of the civil laws; yet, nothing herein 
contained shall be so construed as to author- 



22 CONSTITUTION. 

ize or sanction any thing inconsistent with 
the morality of the holy scriptures. 

Each annual conference shall keep a 
Journal of its proceedings, and send a copy 
to the general conference. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Composition of the General Conference. 

I. There shall be a General Conference of 
this Association, on the first Tuesday in May, 
in the year of our Lord 1834, in Georgetown, 
District of Columbia, and on the first Tuesday 
in May every seventh year thereafter, in such 
place as may be determined on by the confer- 
ence. 

II. The general conference shall consist of 
an equal number of ministers and laymen. 
The ratio of representation from each district 
shall be one minister and one layman for 
every thousand persons in full member- 
ship; Provided, however, that any district 
which may not have one thousand members 
shall be entitled to two representatives, one 
minister and one layman, until a different 
ratio shall be fixed by the general conference. 

III. The number of representatives to 
which each district may be entitled, shall be 
elected at the time, and place of holding the 
annual conference of the district, next pre- 
ceding the sitting of the general conference, 
by the joint ballot of an electoral college, com- 



CONSTITl TIOK. H 

posed of the itinerant ministers and delegates 
belonging to the annual conference, and of 
one minuter, who is not under the stationing 
authority of the conference, provided there l>c 
such, from eaeh circuit and station within the 
limits of the district- The minister thus added 
from each circuit and station, shall he elected at 
the time and place of holding the quarterly 

confert nee. by the ministers in his circuit 
or station, not under the stationing power of 
the annual conference. Provided, however, 
that the Delegates from the respective circuits 
and stations, be laymen; and provided, also, 
that it require the affirmative vote of a majority 
of all the lay delegates present, as well as of a 
majority of the votes of all the ministers pre- 
sent, to constitute the election of any repre- 
sentative to the general conference. 

IV . The general conference shall elect hy 
ballot, a president to preside over its delibe- 
rations; and one or more secretaries, to 
serve during the sitting of the conference; 
shall also judge of election returns, and 
qualifications of its own members, and form 
its own rules of order. A majority of all the 
representatives in attendance, shall con- 
stitute a quorum. 

V. The ministers and laymen shall deli- 
berate in one body; but if, upon the final 
passage of any question, it be required by 
three members, the ministers and laymen 
shall vote separately, and the concurrence of 
a majority of both classes of representatives 



24 CONSTITUTION. 

shall be necessary to constitute a vote of the 
Conference. — A similar regulation shall be 
observed by the annual conferences. 

VI. The yeas and nays shall be recorded at 
the call of one-fifth part of the members present. 

VII. The conference shall publish such 
parts of the journal of its proceedings, as it 
may deem requisite. 

VIII. All papers, books, &c. belonging to 
the conference, shall be preserved as that 
body may direct. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Powers of the General Conference. 

I. The General Conference shall have pow- 
er to make rules and regulations for the Itin- 
erant, Missionary, Literary, and every other 
department of the Church, recognized by this 
Constitution. 

II. To fix the compensation and duties of 
the itinerant ministers and preachers, and the 
allowance for their wives, widows and chil- 
dren; and also, the compensation and duties 
of the Book Agent, Editor, &,c. and to de- 
vise ways and means for raising funds. 

III. To regulate, from time to time, the 
number of representatives to the General Con- 
ference; provided, that the General Confer- 
ence shall at no time exceed one hundred 
members. 

IV. To define and regulate the bounda- 






I <t\«TITTTION\ 



25 



ries of the respective annual conference dis- 
tricts; provided, however, that the annual 
conference of any two or more districts, 
shall have power, by mutual agreement, to 
alter their respective adjoining boundaries, or 
to unite and become one district, or to set 
off a new district; to receive into their re- 
spective limits and jurisdiction any station or 
circuit, which does not belong to some other 
district; but every alteration made in the 
boundaries of the respective districts, -shall be 
reported to the ensuing general conference. 
ARTICLE X. 
Restrictions on the Legislative Assemblies. 

I. No rule shall be passed which shall con- 
travene any law of God. 

II. No rule shall be passed which shall in- 
fringe the right of suffrage, eligibility to of- 
fice, or the rights and privileges of our minis- 
ters, preachers, and members, to an impar- 
tial trial by committee, and of an appeal, as 
provided by this constitution. 

III. No rule shall be passed infringing 
the liberty of speech, or of the press; but for 
every abuse of liberty, the offender shall be 
dealt with as in other cases of indulging in 
sinful words and tempers. 

IV. No rule, except it be founded on the 
holy scriptures, shall be passed authorizing 
the expulsion of any minister, preacher or 

member. 
3 



2C CONSTITUTION* 

V. No rule shall be passed appropriating' 
the funds of the church to any purpose ex- 
cept the support of the ministry, their wives, 
widows and children; the promotion of educa- 
tion, and missions; the diffusion of useful 
knowledge; the necessary expenses conse- 
quent on assembling the Conferences, and the 
relief of the poor. 

VI. No higher order of ministers shall be 
authorized than that of elder. 

VII. No rule shall be passed to abolish an 
efficient itinerant ministry, or to authorize 
the annual conferences to station their min- 
isters and preachers longer than three years, 
successively, in the same circuit, and two 
years successively in the same station. 

VIII. No change shall be made in the re- 
lative proportions, or component parts of the 
general or annual conferences- 

ARTICLE XL 

Officers of the Church. 

Presidents of the Annual Conferences. 

1. The President of each Annual Conference 
shall be elected annually, by the ballot of a 
majority of the members of the conference. 
He shall not be eligible more than three years 
successively; and shall be amenable to that 
body for his official conduct. 

2. It shall be the duty of the president of an 



CONSTITUTION. 27 

annual conference, to preside in all meetings 
of that body; to travel through the district, and 

viMt all the circuits and stations, and to be 

present, a- far as practicable, at all the quar- 
terly meetings ami camp meetings of hi- dis- 
trict; and. m the recess of conference, with the 
assistance of two or more elders, to ordain 
those person! who may be elected to order-; 
to employ such ministers, preachers, and mis- 
sionaries, as are duly recommended; and to 
make such changes of preachers as may bo 
necessary, provided the consent of the preach- 
ers to be changed, be first obtained; and to 
perform such other duties as may be required 
by his annual conference. 

Ministers. 

1. The minister, who shall be appointed by 
the annual conference, to the charge of a sta- 
tion or circuit, shall be styled, the Superinten- 
dent; and shall be amenable to the annual 
conference for his ollicial conduct. 

2. The minister or preacher appointed by 
the annual conference to assist the super- 
intendent in the discharge of his pastoral 
duties, shall be styled the Assistant; and shall 
be amenable to the annual conference for 
the faithful discharge of duty, 

3. It shall be the duty of every minister and 
preacher belonging to a circuit or station, to 
render all tin pastoral assistance he can, con- 
sistently with his other engagements; but no 
minister or preacher shall be accountable to 



26 CONSTITUTION. 

the annual conference for the discharge of 
ministerial duty, except he be an itinerant 
minister or preacher; all others shall be ac- 
countable to the quarterly conference of 
their circuit or station. 

4. No person shall be recognized as an itine- 
rant minister, preacher or missionary, whose 
name is not enrolled on the annual confer- 
ence list, or who will not be subject to the or- 
der of the conference. 

Class Leaders. 

The class leaders maybe elected annually 
by the members of their respective classes; 
but if, in any instance, a class shall neglect or 
refuse to elect a leader, when one is want- 
ed, it shall then be the duty of the superin- 
tendent to nominate a class leader for said 
class, and from the nomination or nomina- 
tions made by the superintendent, the class 
shall make an election. 

Conference Stewards. 
The Conference Steward shall be elected 
annually by the annual conference, and dis- 
charge those duties assigned to him by the 
discipline, and be amenable to the annual 
conference for his official conduct. 

Station and Circuit Stewards. 

The Station and Circuit Stewards shall be 
elected annually; in the stations, by the male 



CONJTI TTTION. 29 

members, including ministers and preachers; 
and in the circuits, by the quarterly confer- 
ence; Inn every qualified male member, if 

present, shall be permitted to vote in the elec- 
tion of circuit stewards. The number of 

stewards tor each circuit or station to be not 
less than ihree, nor more than seven. 

ARTICLE XII. 

Suffrage and Eligibility to Office. 

I. Every minister and preacher, and every 
white, lay, male member, m full communion 
and fellowship, having attained to the age of 
twenty one years, shall be entitled to vote in 
all cai 

II. Every minister and preacher, and 
every white, lay, male member, in full com- 
munion and fellowship, having attained to 
the aire of twenty-five years, and having been 
in full membership two years, shall be eligible 
as a representative in the general confer- 
ence. 

III. No person shall be eligible as a delegate 
to the annual conference, or as a steward', 
who has not attained to the age of twentv- 
one years, and who is not a regular com- 
municant of this Church. 

IV. No minister shall be eligible to the 
othce of President of an annual conference, 
until he shall have faithfully exercised the 
office of elder two vears. 
3 # 



30 CONSTITUTION*. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

Judiciary Principles, 

I. All offences condemned by the word of 
God, as being sufficient to exclude a person 
from the kingdom of grace and glory, shall 
subject ministers, preachers and members, 
to expulsion from the church. 

II. The neglect of duties required by the 
word of God, or the indulgence in sinful 
words and tempers, shall subject the offender 
to admonition; and if persisted in, after re- 
peated admonitions, to expulsion. 

III. For preaching or disseminating un- 
scriptural doctrines, affecting the essential in- 
terests of the christian system, ministers, 
preachers, and members, shall be liable to 

.admonition; and, if incorrigible, to expul- 
sion: Provided always, that no minister, 
preacher or member, shall be expelled for 
disseminating matters of opinion alone, ex- 
cept they be such as are condemned by the 
word of God. 

IV. All officers of the church shall be lia- 
ble to removal from office, for maladminis- 
tration. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Privileges of accused Ministers and Members, 
I. In all cases of accusation against a min- 
ister, preacher, or member, the accused shall 
be furnished by the proper authorities, with a 



CONSTITUTION. 31 

copy of the charges and specifications, at 
least twenty days before the time appointed 
for the trial; unless the parties concerned 
prefer going into trial on shorter notice. 
The accused shall have the right of challenge; 
the privilege of examining witnesses at the 
time of trial; and of making his defence in 
person or by representative; provided such 
representative he a member of the church. 

II. No minister, or preacher, shall be ex- 
pelled, or deprived of church privileges, or 
ministerial functions, without an impartial 
trial before a committee, of from three to five 
ministers or preachers, and the right of ap- 
peal; the preachers, to the ensuing quarterly 
conference; the ministers to the ensuing an- 
nual conference. 

III. No member shall be expelled or deprived 
of church privileges, without an impartial trial 
before a committee of three or more lay mem- 
bers, or before the society of which he is a 
member, as the accused may require, and 
the right of an appeal to the ensuing quarter- 
ly conference; but no committee man who 
shall have sat on the first trial, shall sit on the 
appeal; and all appeals shall be final. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Discipline Judiciary. 

1 Whenever a majority of all the annual 
conferences shall officially call for a judicial 



32 



CONSTITUTION. 



decision on any rule or act of the general 
conference, it shall be the duty of each and 
every annual conference to appoint, at its 
next session, one judicial delegate, having 
the same qualifications of eligibility as are 
required for a representative to the general 
conference. The delegates thus chosen, 
shall assemble at the place where the gener- 
al conference held its last session, on the 
second Tuesday in May following their ap- 
pointment. 

II. A majority of the delegates shall consti- 
tute a quorum; and if two-thirds of all pre- 
sent, judge said rule or act of the general 
conference unconstitutional, they shall have 
power to declare the same null and void. 

III. Every decision of the Judiciary shall be 
in writing, and shall be published in the pe- 
riodical belonging to this church. After the 
Judiciary shall have performed the duties as- 
signed them by this constitution, their pow- 
ers shall cease; and no other judiciary shall 
be created until after the session of the suc- 
ceeding general conference. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Special call of the General Conference, 

1 Two-thirds of the whole number of the 
annual conferences, shall have power to call 
special meetings of the general conference. 

II. When it shall have been ascertained 



CONSTITUTION. 83 

that two-thirds of the annual conferences 
have decided in favour of such call, it shall 
be the duty of the presidents, or a majority of 
them, forthwith, to designate the time and 
place of holding the same, and to give due 
notice to all the stations and circuits. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

Provision for Altering the Constitution. 

I. The General Conference shall have 
power to amend any part of this Consti- 
tution, except the second, tenth and four- 
teenth articles, by making such alterations or 
additions, as may be recommended in writing, 
by two-thirds of the whole number of tho 
annual conferences, next preceding the sit- 
ting of the general conference. 

II. The second, tenth and fourteenth arti- 
cles of this constitution shall be unaltera- 
ble, except by a general convention, called 
for the special purpose, by two-thirds of the 
whole number of the annual conferences, 
next preceding the general conference. 
Which convention, and all other conventions 
of this church, shall be constituted and elect- 
ed in the same manner and ratio, as prescribed 
for the general conference. When a Gen- 
eral convention is called by the annual con- 
ferences, it shall supercede the assembling of 
the general conference for that period; and 
shall have power to discharge all the duties 



34 CONSTITUTION. 

of that body, in addition to the particular object 
for which the convention shall have been as- 
sembled. 



Resolved, That the Judiciary tribunal provided 
for by the 15th article of the constitution of this 
Church, shall publish as well the reasons of their 
opinion upon the part or provision of the con- 
stitution supposed to have been contravened by 
the law, or laws, provision or provisions, con- 
sidered to be unconstitutional, together with 
their decision. 

Whereas, It is declared by this convention, 
that whatever power may be necessary to the 
formation of rules and regulations, is inherent in 
the ministers and members of the Church; and 
that so much of that power may be delegated 
from time to time, upon a plan of representation, 
as they may judge proper; therefore, Resolved, 
that all power not delegated to the respective of- 
ficial bodies of the Methodist Protestant Church 
by this convention, are retained to said ministers 
and members. 

Baltimore, Nov. 20, 1830. 



DISCIPLINE 
\1>MI--I<>\ TO HI HBBRSHIP« 

I ition, Article ii. 

1 . \ pplicttion for admission to church fellow- 
ship must 1"' made to the superintendent, or in 
sence, to anj minister, preacher or lead- 
er, whose (hay it shall be, with the consent of 
>ciety or class, to enter the name of the 
applicant <»n the lisl of probationers. 

\t. In stations, where the church does not 
direot an\ other mode, admittance to full mem- 
bership shall be b) the vote of a majority of the 
• a regular leaders' meeting; but no 
i shall be admitted to lull membership by 
a leaders 1 meeting, without a recommendation 
from the class of which he or she is a member. 

S. In circuits, the list of probationers shall 
be occasionally read over, by one of the officiat- 
ing ministers; and, in every instance where ama- 
cietj or class v ote for the admis- 
sion of any person whose name stands on the 
list, the probationer shall he admitted to full 
membership. 

TRIAL OF MINISTERS, P&C&CHERS \\l> II RUBERS. 

See the Constitution, Articles xiii and xiv. 

1. When a charge of immorality, or any other 
offence, recognized by the thirteenth article of 



36 TRIAL OF MINISTERS, 

the constitution, is preferred against a minister 
or preacher, the superintendent, or in his ab- 
sence any other minister belonging to the circuit 
or station, whom he may select, after duly notify- 
ing the person accused, shall appoint a commit- 
tee of not less than three, nor more than five 
ministers or preachers, before whom the accused 
shall appear, at the time and place designated 
for the trial. 

The accused may object to any member of the 
committee, on account of his having prejudged 
the case; being prejudiced against the accused; 
or of being interested in the decision. The chal- 
lenge may extend to twice the number of the 
original committee. The superintendent, or ex- 
ecutive officer in the case, shall be confined 
to the limits of the district in his selections of 
ministers or preachers to serve on the commit- 
tee. During any trial, the ministers, preachers, 
and members of the church may attend. 

2. Accused members shall be tried by a com 
mittee created in the following manner; viz. 
The accused shall nominate two persons in full 
membership and good standing. The class of 
which he or she is a member shall nomitate two 
more members, in like good standing; and the 
four persons thus chosen shall appoint a fifth, 
which five persons shall constitute a competent 
court of trial. But should the accused refuse, or 
neglect to nominate, as above provided, when 
timely notice shall have been given, the pre- 
siding minister shall nominate two members 
of the committee on behalf of the accused. 



i'Kiw< in us and UMIIMN : W 

Provided, however, that the accused shall have 
the right to challenge any person chwen as a 
committee man. by the class, l>\ assigning 
isfactory reasons for sodping, of winch tin- class 
shall judge: and provided also, the presiding 
officer shall have the right to challenge the 
choice of the accused by shewing good cause, 
of which the claaa Bhall also judge. 

.'). A y -crciary shall be appointed by thecoma 
mitteO) to t;ikc down regular minutes of the ev- 
idence and proceedings of the trial; which, to- 
gether with a copy of the decision, and all other 
documents belonging to the trial, shall be pre- 
lerved bj the superintendent, \\\\<> shall furnish 
each of the parties with a copy of the decision, 
if required. 

4. If the accused be found guilty of the of- 
. the committee, or a majority thereof, 

shall, in their decision, name the penalty to 
which the accused shall be subjected. And the 
superintendent shall carry it into effect. 

5. In every instance of condemnation, the 
accused minister, preacher or member determin- 
ing to appeal from the decision of the commit- 
tee, shall signify in writing, to the executive min- 
ister, within twenty days after the close of the 
trial, his determination to appeal, and in default 
thereof his appeal shall not lie. 

6. If an accused minister, preacher, or mem- 
ber evade trial by absenting himself; after due no- 
tice shall have been given him, the investiga- 

Ition before the committee shall, nevertheless 



3S TRIAL OF MINISTERS, &,C 

be instituted, and the testimony heard; and rf 
a majority of the committee find him guilty of 
the charge, the executive minister shall carry 
the sentence into effect. 

7. Should the accused person be the super- 
intendent, the official notifications, appoint- 
ment of the committee, &c. shall be performed by 
the president of the district, or such other min- 
ister as he may appoint for the purpose. 

8. In all cases of personal offence between 
brethren, the direction of our Lord in Mat. 
xviii. 15, — 17, shall be pursued. 

"Moreover, if thy brother shall trespass 
against thee, go and tell him his fault between 
thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou 
hast gained thy brother." 

"But if he will not hear thee, then take 
with thee one or two more, that in the mouths' of 
two or three witnesses every word may be es- 
tablished. 5> 

"And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell 
it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear 
the church, let him be unto thee as a heathen 
and a publican." 

9. On any dispute between two or more mem- 
bers of our church, concerning the payment of 
debts, or otherwise, which cannot be settled by 
the parties concerned, the superintendent shall 
recommend to the contending parties a refer- 
ence, consisting of one arbiter chosen by the 
plaintiff and another by the defendant; the two 
arbiters to choose a third, a majority of whom 
shall decide the case. 



N 

leaders' mlltinu. 
See the Constitution, Article v. 

1. The leaders' meeting, and all other church 
meeting*, shall be opened and concluded with 
prayer. A xcrctarv shall he appointed by the 
meeting annually, or oftener if necessary, whose 
duty it shall be, to make a fair record of the pro- 

' ceedmgs in a hook kept for the purpc 

2. The names of all the leaders shall be called 
over at every meeting, noting those present or 
absent and the amount each leader pays over to 
the stewards or treasurer, as weekly or quar- 
terly collections from his class. 

3 The leaders' class books shall be examined 
quarterly, by the meeting. 

4. The leaders' meeting shall occasionally in- 
quire into the punctuality of each leader in meet- 
ing his class, visiting his sick* and delinquent 
members, and his attendance at the leaders' 
meeting; and all prudent means shall be em- 
ployed to induce faithfulness in the discharge of 
these important duties. 

5. The list of probationers shall be read over at 
least once a month, and all those probationer 
who have the proper recommendation from their 
class, and obtain the vote of a majority of all the 
leaders present, shall be admitted to full member- 
ship, and reported to the church on the first suit- 
able occasion. It shall be the duty of the respec- 

•Sick members should inform their leader of their in- 
disposition. 



40 QUARTERLY CONFERENCE. 

tive leaders, on the following class day, to inform 
such persons of their reception, and to exhort 
them to faithfulness and diligence in the service 
of the Lord. 

6. Inquiry shall be made by the superinten- 
dent, at every meeting, for the sick, and those 
who may need a pastoral visit. 

7. All appropriations for the relief of the poor 
in the station, shall be made by the leaders' meet- 
ing, and applied by the stewards; who shall visit 
the suffering member or members, in company 
with the leader, and administer to their necessi- 
ties, in the manner prescribed by the meeting. 

8. The leaders' meeting shall appoint times 
for holding general class meetings, for the pur- 
poses of giving all the members an opportunity 
of speaking the one to the other of the grace and 
mercy of God, and of uniting in prayer for the 
out-pouring of the holy spirit, and the revival 
of true andundefiled religion in all the churches. 

On those occasions, the superintendent, or 
one of the other ministers, shall conduct the 
meeting, and particularly avail himself of the op- 
portunity to excite in the members holy affec- 
tionsj heavenly mindedness, and zeal for the 
glory of God, and the salvatiouof men. 

QUARTERLY CONFERENCE. 

See the Constitution, Article vi. 
I. The quarterly conference shall be organ- 
ized by the appointment of a chairman and 
secretary; and opened by reading a portion of 
scripture and prayer. 



QUARTERLY COW EM* 41 

2. Should I charge of immorality, neglect of 
christian duty, <»r of disseminating unscriptural 
doctrines, bo exhibited against any member of 
the conference during the examination, the ac- 
cusation, together with the names of the ac- 
cuser and witi shall be referred to the 
proper authorities, to be investigated in accord- 
ance with discipline 

3. The first quarterly conference in each con- 
ference year, shall appoint a committee of 
animation to assist, advise and examine candi- 
dates for the ministry. It shall be the duty of 
the committee, to see that the candidates pur- 
sue the course of reading prescribed by the dis- 
cipline; to examine them occasionally on doc- 
trines, and religious experience* and, when they 
shall have made the necessary attainments, to give 
them a written testimonial of their qualifications. 
But no committee shall give a testimonial, ex- 
cept the candidate be a man of unexceptionable 
moral character, genuine piety, and have respec- 
table attainments, at least, an ability to state, 
and defend the leading doctrines of Christianity. 

No person shall be licensed to preach, ex- 
cept he present a testimonial from the com- 
mittee of examination. 

The following questions shall be put to each 
candidate, and if he answer them satisfactorily 
he may be licensed. 

Have you faith in Christ; and are you striving 
to be holy in heart, and in all manner of conver- 
sation? 

4* 



42 QUARTERLY CONFERENCE. 

Have you any other motive in requesting li- 
cense to preach, than a desire to be instru- 
mental in edifying the church of God, calling 
sinners to repentance, and saving your own soul 
and those that hear you? 

Do you believe that the holy Scriptures of the 
Old and New Testaments contain all things ne- 
cessary to salvation? 

Have you examined our constitution and dis- 
cipline; do you approve of them, and are you 
willing to comply with their requirements? 

Are you solvent? 

4. The quarterly conference shall designate 
the times and places for preaching in the circuit 
or station, and every new preaching place, shall 
be reported to the ensuing quarterly conference, 
and if approved of by that body, shall be entered 
on the list of appointments; and no appointment 
on a circuit shall be discontinued, without the 
approbation of the quarterly conference. 

5. The quarterly conference of each circuit 
and station shall keep a register, in which shall 
be entered the names of all the males in full 
membership, over the age of twenty-one years; 
and the baptisms and marriages. 

6. The time and place for holding the suc- 
ceeding quarterly conference, shall be determin- 
ed on by the conference; and it shall be the duty 
of the superintendent, to give public notice from 
all the pulpits, at least four weeks prior to the 
sitting of the conference in a circuit, and two 
weeks in a station. 

7. In all appeals brought before the quarterly 



ANNTAI, < ONFF.RFNCn. 43 

conference, the same order shall be observed, 
and the s;mic privilege! accorded to the appel- 
ant and accuser as are granted in appeals be- 
fore the annual conference! 

8. No minister, preacher, or official member, 
who ah all have been suspended by a committee, 
shall perform the duties of his oflice while his 
appeal is pending; and no person who shall have 
sat on a case in committee, or who was the ac- 
cuser shall be permitted to vote on the appeal. 

9. Each quarterly conference, shall have pow- 
er to receive ministers and preachers of other 
denominations into full fellowship and ministe- 
rial standing, on receiving satisfactory testimo- 
nials from the applicant. 

ANNUAL CONFERENCE. . 
See the Constitution, Article vii. 

1. The president of the last year shall open 
the conference by reading a portion of the word 
of God, and prayer. He shall preside in the 
conference until the president for the ensuing 
year shall have been elected. A secretary shall 
be appointed to serve during the sitting of the 
conference* 

2. The conference shall judge of election re- 
turns, and qualifications of the delegates.* A 
majority of all the members in attendance shall 
constitute a quorum. 

* At the annual conference next preceding the gene- 
ral conference, all the delegates must be laymen. 



44 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. 

3. Should a charge of immorality, be prefer- 
red against any ministerial member of the con- 
ference, during the examination of character, the 
accusation, together with the names of the accu- 
ser and witnesses shall be referred to the presi- 
dent of the conference, to be investigated by com- 
mittee, in the circuit or station where the suppos- 
ed offence is alleged to have been committed. 

4. No minister or preacher shall be received 
into the conference to itinerate, except he have 
a recommendation from a quarterly conference, 
or a certificate from an annual conference, or 
the president thereof. 

5. No president or conference shall have 
power to withhold a testimonial, if the minister 
or preacher requiring it, shall have complied 
with his engagements, and his moral character 
stand fair; but neither the conference into 
which the minister or preacher desires to be 
received, nor its president, shall be obliged to 
employ him as an itinerant or missionary, except 
his labours can be profitably directed. 

6. Every minister or preacher received by the 
president, during the interval of conference, 
shall be subjected to a vote of the conference 
before his name can be printed in the minutes 
as a stationed minister or preacher, except in 
cases of transfer. 

7. Itinerant ministers and preachers may be 
transferred from one district to another, by ne- 
gociation between the presidents of said dis- 
tricts, provided the minister or preacher con- 
sent to the transfer. All acts of transfer, thus 



\.\ni U OONFBUBTCB. 45 

made, shnll be valid, and above the control of 
ihe annual conferen< 

8. Ministers and preachers coming Brom 
other denominations may be received by the 
conference, or, in the interval of conference, 
by the president, without their having the recom- 
mendation required io other ca 

9. No minister or preacher, who shell have 
beeil rejected by an annual conference, shall be 
employed by its president, unless the confer- 
ence grant him permission under specified con- 
ditions. 

10. Every preacher shall be eligible to dea- 
con's orders, after he shall have preached two 
years under a license, and shall have arrived at 
tin age of twenty-one years. 

11. Every deacon shall be eligible to elder's 
orders, when he shall have exercised the ollice 
of deacon acceptably two year-. 

12. In cases of missions and similar necessi- 
preachers may be elected to deacon's or- 
ders, and deacons to elder's orders, without re- 
gard to time, provided they possess the requisite 
qualificatibns. 

13. No person shall be elected to orders, ex- 
cept lie be a man of unexceptionable moral 
character, genuine piety, respectable attain- 
ments, an.l sound in the belief of the fundamen- 
tal doctrine- of Christianity, and faithful in the 
discharge I duties. 

11. The i§ -hall have authority to 

preach the gospel of Christ, to baptize and eel- 



46 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. 

ebrate matrimony, and to assist the elder in ad- 
ministering the Lord's supper. 

15. The elders shall have authority to admin- 
ister the Lord's supper, baptize, celebrate mat- 
rimony, and perform all parts of divine worship. 

16. Ordination shall be performed by the 
president, assisted by two or more other eiders. 

17 Every person who appeals to the annual 
conference, from the decision of a committee 
of trial, shall be permitted to appear before the 
conference; and after all the documents, belong- 
ing to the trial had before the committee, shall 
have been read, shall state the reasons of his ap- 
peal. His accuser shall then be permitted to 
support his charges in the presence of the ap- 
pelant. The appelant may in turn make his re- 
ply, which shall close the proceedings on both 
sides, except the conference grant the accuser 
permission to speak a second time. The appel- 
ant and accuser shall then retire, and the 
conference shall decide, and furnish the appel- 
ant with a copy of their decision. Provided, 
that in all cases of appeal, the tribunal to which 
the appeal is made, shall not enter into the mer- 
its of the cause, (except at the request of the 
appelant) but only to decide on the legality of 
the proceedings of the committee of trial, and 
either confirm or reverse the same; if reversed, 
the cause shall be remanded for trial. 

18. In any case, however, where the appelant 
can shew sufficient cause why he should have 
a new trial before a committee, the conference 
shall grant it. with the privilege of an appeal. 



ANNUAL CONFFRKNcr 17 

19. No station or circuit shall be divided, un- 
less each part have ability to support one or 
more preachers, and the delegate from the cir- 
cuit or station request the division. 

20. In stationing the ministers and preachers, 
the annual conference shall not be obliged to 
give an appointment to any man, who in the 
opinion of a majority of the members, is incom- 
petent to the duties thereof, or who, they may 
believe, will neglect the appointment. 

21. No minister or preacher, appointed to a 
circuit or station, shall cease from his itinerant 
labours, until the term of service assigned him 
shall have expired, except by the consent of the 
president. 

22. The annual conferences, respecti/ely, shall 
elect annually, a standing committee of three 
elders, whose duty it shall be, in the event of 
the death, resignation or suspension of the 
president, to appoint a president pro. tern, to 
serve until the sitting of the next annual confer- 
ence. 

Should charges be preferred against the presi- 
dent of an annual conference, the committee 
shall call upon one of the superintendents of 
the district to perform the official notifications, 
and to act as executive officer in the trial, in 
accordance with the rule provided for the trial 
of ministers. 

23. It shall be the duty of each itinerant min- 
ister and preacher, to furnish annually to the 
steward of the conference of which he is a 
member, a certificate from the station or circuit 



48 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. 

steward, shewing the amount of money or other 
articles he has received, as compensation, the 
preceding year. 

24. Each annual conference shall publish its 
minutes, containing, 1. A list of all the appoint- 
ments for the ensuing year. 2. A complete list 
of all the stationed and unstationed ministers 
and preachers within the district, and those who 
are superannuated. 3. The names of those min- 
isters and preachers who have deceased, with- 
drawn, or been expelled. 4. The general ex- 
hibit of the conference steward. 5 The num- 
ber of members, including ministers and preach- 
ers. 6. The time and place of holding the next 
annual conference; and such other information 
as may be deemed acceptable and serviceable to 
the community. 

25. It shall be the duty of the respective an- 
nual conferences, to forward to the book agent 
and editor, post paid, such extracts from their 
minutes, annually, as they may deem proper for 
publication. 

26. A public collection shall be made on the 
first Sabbath of the conference, in all the houses 
of worship belonging to the station where the 
conference is held, for the purpose of defraying 
the incidental expenses of the conference. 

27. No member of conference shall withdraw 
himself from its sittings, without permission, 
until all the business shall have been transacted. 



advict TO ■TIlIBTKRfl A? 9ERS. VJ 

Keep your own soul alive to God by iiwdita- 
lion, prayer and searching the Bcriptnres, daily. 
Elead the old and new testam< tdarly 

through, if practicable, once every year; and 

avail yourself of all the helpa within your reach 
to obtain a correct- understanding of the word 
of life. "Study to shew thyself approved unto 
Qed, a workman that needeth not to be asham* 
ed, rightly dividing the word of truth/' 

Neither be unemployed, nor engaged about 
trifles. Do every thing at the time appointed; 
and complete every thing you commence. 
Never disappoint a congregation, nor spend 
more time in a place than is strictly necessary. 
lur constantly, to feel the high responsibili- 
ties of your office and ministry; take heed 
that the blood of souls be not found on your 
skirts. 

Be an example of the believers, in word, in 
conversation in charity, in spirit, in faith, in 
purity; and avoid all affectation, effeminacy, 
and every thing like austerity. Be affable and 
courteous in your manners; and let your whole 
deportment be mild and inoffensive. "Learn of 
me;" said the blessed Jesus, "for I am meek and 
lowly in heart." 

In your dress, keep clear of the two extremes; 
antiquated singularity on the one hand, and 
fashionable foppishness on the other. Abstain 
5 



50 DUTIES OF THE SUPERINTENDENT* 

from the use of tobacco in all its forms; and use 
no stimulating liquors, except medicinally. 

Remember, it is your imperious duty, not to 
preach yourself, but Christ crucified, the great 
sacrifice for sin, and the only Saviour of the 
world. We, "charge thee, therefore, before God 
and the Lord Jesus Christ who shall judge the 
quick and the dead, at his appearing; preach the 
word: be instant, in season, out of season; re- 
prove, rebuke, exhort, with all long suffering and 
doctrine." 

DUTIES OF THE SUPERINTENDENT. 
See the Constitution, Artiele xi. 

1. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of a 
circuit or station, to fill the pulpits or have them 
filled, in accordance with the regulations of the 
quarterly conference; and to administer the or- 
dinances, assisted by his brethren in the minis- 
try. 

2. To receive persons on probation, and exe- 
cute discipline. 

3. To visit all the classes, at least once a 
quarter, if practicable; and see that they are duly 
and properly met by their respective leaders. 

4. To give due notice, from all the pulpits in 
his circuits or station, of the time and place of 
holding the ensuing quarterly conference. 

5. To hold love feasts and watch nights, and 
appoint prayer meetings; to renew the tickets 
quarterly for the admission of members into love 
feasts in stations, and to give notes to serious 






m m tl 01 1 :n- SI i ■ BHTi 51 

qi U ho d< lire to be present; te \ fail the 
>i« k. the poor, I he a jed and infirm members 
well ad those in health and better circumstances. 
(>. To detain the societj occasionally, after 
preaching, for ilio purpose of giving them such 
adfice and exhortation as may be requisite. 

7. To organise the children of members in 
classes of moderate Bize, and appoint buiI 
leaders, male or female; whose duty it shall be, 
to instruct them in the principles and pra< 

of the christian religion* 

We consider the religious instruction of chil- 
dren to be one of the most imperious obligations 
of Christianity; therefore, every superintendent 
shall i far aa practicable, the children of 

our community, for the purposes of religious in- 
struction: shall report the number and state 
of th( onference annually; and 

shall be held equally responsible to the confer- 
ence fortius pari of his duty as for any other. 

8. To k< \,trt record of all the mem- 
bers 1 1 uon or circuit, and of 
the baptisms, and marriages; and report the same 
to the quarterly conference, and the numbers in 

ty in his c i the annual conference. 

i). To i irterly, when practicable, to 

the president, the state of his circuit or station; 
and, at the close of his year, to leave his succes- 
plan of the cin nit. 
10. To i to those who d< 

to remove to anol lei Btation, circuit, or society. 
No superintendent shall withhold a certificate 
or testimonial from persons whose moral char 



52 DUTIES OF CLASS LEADERS. 

stands fair. A suitable testimonial shall not be 
withheld from those who purpose to withdraw 
from the fellowship of the Methodist Protestant 
Church. 

11. The superintendent shall have authority 
to cause his assistant minister or preacher to aid 
him in the discharge of all the above named du- 
ties; and also, if necessary, to employ other min- 
isters, or official members of the circuit or sta- 
tion, to assist him. 

DUTIES OF CLASS LEADERS. 

See the Constitution, Article xi. 

It shall be the duty of each class leader — 

1. To meet his class once a week, in order; 
To instruct the members in the principles 

and duties of Christianity; to comfort them in af- 
fliction; to advise them in cases of difficulty; and 
to exhort them to diligence and perseverance in 
doing and suffering the whole will of God. 

2. To receive what they are willing to give 
towards the relief of the preachers, church, and 
poor. 

Each leader shall have the names of all the 
members of his class entered in a book or paper, 
kept by him for the purpose, in which he shall 
note, weekly, the presence or absence of each 
member, and, give each one credit on the book 
or paper for the amount contributed. 

3. It shall also be the duty of each leader to 
attend the leaders' meeting at all its meetings, to 



DttTIIS 01 PHI C0NFERENC1 

represent the state of hia cla over to 

the stewards what he has 
inform the snperiutendenl of an) that .'ire Bick, 
01 Deed a pastoral visit. 

t. It shall be the duty of each leader to visit 

the sick, and those members who frequently ab- 

i from tins means of gra< e; and 

to promote the spiritual, temporal, and eternal 

interests of those committed to his caie. 

Cla should occasionally meet each 

others classes; and also vary tin exercises in 
those meetings for the purpose of making them 
interesting, lively, and spiritual. 

It is recommended, whenever practicable, that 
HO cli l< ed thirty in number, and that no 
continue longer than one hour. 

I WARDS. 

' nstitution, Article- \i. 

]. It shall be the duty of the conference stew- 
ard, to receive the money- collected t<> meet the 
incidental expense - of the conference, and for 
making up deficiencies in the allowance of the 
efficient, and superannuated ministers and 
preachers, their wives, widows, and children. 

\t. To] f the funds received, the con- 

tmj. at « f the conference; and to pay 

to the preachl rs tl OlKributed lor their 

relief, as contemplated by the discipline, and by 
those individuals or societies whose liberality 
shall have prompted them to aid in this good 
work. 

5 # 



54 DUTIES OF THE CONFERENCE STEWARDS. 

The funds held by the steward, shall be equal- 
ly divided among all the claimants, except where 
individuals or societies direct a specific appro- 
priation of any part of their contributions. But 
no one shall receive more than the allowance 
fixed by this convention or the general confer- 
ence. 

In settling with the preachers, the conference 
steward shall account with them for all books 
and newspapers received by them on account of 
the book agent and editor. He shall pay no 
preacher's travelling expenses, to or from the 
conference — these must be paid by the preach- 
ers themselves, and be refunded to them by the 
stewards of the circuits or stations to which they 
may be appointed for the ensuing year. 

The travelling expenses of the delegates, must 
be met by the respective circuits and stations 
which send them up to conference, if they de- 
mand reimbursement. 

3. To make out an accurate exhibit, at con- 
ference, shewing; 

1st. What each preacher has received from 
his circuit or station, during the past year. 

2. The amount paid to each out of the funds 
received for the relief of the preachers. 

3. The amount forwarded to conference from 
each circuit and station as conference collec- 
tion, and the respective sums forwarded by in- 
dividuals or societies. 

The conference may appoint two or more del- 
egates to assist the conference steward. 






DUTIES Of THE CIRCUIT AND 81 ' riOfl v I I .u 

institution, \ 

i. It shall be the duty of the stewards of a 
on, 10 recen e and take an e 
unt of the ordinary church am' class collec- 
tions, and all appropriations made for t\u* sup- 
port of the preachers in the station or circuit; 
to pay to the preachers quarterly, or oftener if 
nee, isary, their allowance, out of the* Funds re- 
ceiver; to meet all contingent expenses; and to 
make an accurate return to I . or quar- 

terly conference) of their receipts and disburse- 
ments during each quarter, arid a fair exhibit 
of the temporal condition of the station or cir- 
cuit. 

To make the necessary provision and pre- 
paration lor the Lord's supper and love feast; to 
receive the collections made on those occasions, 
and all other moneys contributed tor the relief of 
the poor. And to distribute those funds as oc- 
casion may require; in stations, as the leaders' 
meeting may direct; "and in circuirs. according 
to their best judgment, having special regard to 
those poor members who are the most necesai- 
t0V8 and deserving. The stewards shall make 
a quarterly return to the society, or quarterly con- 
ference, of their poor collections and distribu- 
tions, and the state of those funds. 

3. To use all proper means, when necessary, 
to induce the members, and those who sit n 
larly under our ministry, tobp liberal in their con- 
tributions. 



5G GENERAL DUTIES OF TRUSTEES. 

The stewards shall keep a separate book fof 
the purpose of entering the weekly, monthly, or 
quarterly donations made by those who are not 
members of the church. 

4. To see that a conference collection be 
taken up, some time in the last quarter, pre- 
viously to the sitting of the annual conference, 
both in the classes and in the congregations. 
The whole collection, when made, shall be for- 
warded by the stewards to the conference stew- 
ard. 

5. The stewards shall also see that a collec- 
tion be taken up some time in the year preced- 
ing the sitting of the general conference, and 
forward the amount to that body, to assist in de- 
fraying the expenses of assembling the represen- 
tatives, &,c, 

6. The stewards of each circuit and station 
shall furnish each itinerant minister and preach- 
er in their circuit or station, previously to his 
going up to conference, with a certificate, shew* 
ing the amount of money or other articles he has 
received, as quarterage, &,c. during the year. 

GENERAL DUTIES OF TRUSTEES. 

1. It shall be the duty of the trustees, to hold 
the property of individual churches in trust for 
the use and benefit of the members thereof; and 
to fill up all vacancies occasioned in their board 
by death, resignation, or ceasing to be a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Protestant Church, or other- 
wise, during their period of service. 

We recommend, that in all deeds, the trus- 



vsrai m rni oi 1 1 $7 

tees elected to serve for any definite term of 
-. be authorized to remain in office until 
other trustees shall ha\ e bees eh pi in 

of resignation, ^v c. 

2, To hold j>< riodical meetings, and keep a 
l;nr and regular record of all the transactions of 
their beard, in a book provided for the purp ise, 
which shall at all times be open for the inspec- 
tion of the members of the church. 

'•). To Uke care of the church property, fur- 
niture, and premises, burial ground, &c« 

L The trustees shall have power, when au- 
thorized bv two-thirds of the male members, over 
the age of twenty- one years, assembled at a reg- 
ular meeting for the purpose,. to purchase, build, 
repair, lease, sell, rent, mortgage, or otherwise 
procure or dispose of property, and on no other 
condition or conditions whatever* 



(58) 
JOHN AND CHARLES WESLEYS' 

GENERAL, RULES. 

I. There is one only condition previously re- 
quired of those who desire admission into these 
Societies, a desire to flee from the wrath to come, 
and be saved from their sins: But, whenever this 
is really fixed in the soul, it will be shown by its 
fruits. It is therefore expected of all who con- 
tinue therein, that they continue to evidence 
their desire of salvation, 

First, By doing no harm, by avoiding evil in 
every kind; especially that which is most gen- 
erally practised. Such as 

The taking the name of God in vain: 
The profaning the day of the Lord, either by 
doing ordinary work thereon, or buying or sell- 
ing: 

Drunkenness, buying or selling spirituous li- 
quors; or drinking them, unless in cases of ex- 
treme necessity: 

Fighting, quarrelling, brawling; brother going 
to law with brother; returning evil for evil, or 
railing for railing: The using many words in 
buying or selling: 

The buying or selling an customed goods: 
The giving or taking things on usury: i. e. un- 
lawful interest: 

Uncharitable or unprofitable conversation; par- 
ticularly speaking evil of magistrates, or of min- 
isters: 



WIS] i \ S 1 ».r\ KH 1 1 i:' U li 

Doing to oth( n h we would no; they should 
do unto as: 

I) ting what we know id nol for the glorj of 
God: 

\<. The putting on of gold or costly apparel: 

The taking such diversions as cannot be used 
in the name of the Lord Jesus: 

The tinging those songs, or reading those 
honks, winch do not tend to the knowledge or 
Jove of God: 

Softness, and needless self-indulgence. 

Laying up treasure upon earth: 

Borrowing without a probability of paying; or 
taking op goods without a probability of pay- 
ing lor them. 

II. It is exported of all who continue in 
these Societies, that they continue to evidence 
their desire of sali ation, 

Secondly, bj doing good, by being in every 

kind merciful alter thnr power, as they have 
opportunity, doing good of every possible sort, 
and. as tar as is possible to all men: 

To their bodies, 6f the ability which God 
thj by giving food to the hungry, by clothing 
the naked, by visiting or helping them that are 
sick or in prison* 

To their souls, by instructing, reproving, or 

exhorting all any intercourse with; 

trampling under toot that enthusiastic doctrine 
of devils, that "We are not to do good unless 
our hearts befn 

By doing good especially to them that arc of 



60 WESLEYS'* GENERAL RULES. 

the household of faith, or groaning so to be; em- 
. ploying them preferable to others, buying one 
of another, helping each other in business, and 
so much the more, because the world will love 
its own and them only. . 

By all possible diligence and frugality, that 
the Gospel be not blamed. 

By running with patience the race that is set 
before them, denying themselves, and taking up 
their cross daily; submitting to bear the reproach 
of Christ; to be as the filth and orTscouring of 
the world; and looking, that men should "say 
all manner of evil of them falsely, for the Lord's 
sake." 

III. It is expected of all who desire to con- 
tinue in these Societies, that they continue to evi- 
dence their desire of salvation. 

Thirdly, By attending on all the ordinances 
of God: — such are, 

The public worship of God: The ministry of 
the word, either read or expounded: 

The Supper of the Lord; family and private 
prayer: searching the Scriptures; and fasting or 
abstinence. 

These are the general rules of our Societies, 
all which we are taught of God to observe, even 
in his written word, the only rule, and the suf- 
ficient rule both of our faith and practice. And 
all these, we know his Spirit writes on every 
truly awakened heart. If there be any among 
us who observe them not, who habitually break 
any of them, let it be made known unto them 



WWilMYl r> J 

who watohoTer that soul, as they that must 

an account. \\ Y will admonisfi him of the i 

of hi- wa\.-. We will beat with him tur a BeUOIh 

Hut then, if he repent not, he hath no more 

place among 110. We btfre delivered our own 

souls. 

JOHN WESLEY, 
CHARLES WESLEY. 

London, May I, 1743. 



(62) 

ARTICLES OF RELIGION. 

I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. 

There is but one living and true God, ever- 
lasting, without body or parts, of infinite power, 
wisdom, and goodness, the maker and preserver 
of all things, visible and invisible. And in unity of 
this Godhead, there are three persons of one 
substance, power and eternity; — the Father, the 
Son, and he Holy Ghost. 

II. Of the Word, or the Son of God, who was 
made very Man. 

The Son, who is the Word of the Father, 
the very and eternal God, of one substance with 
the Father, took man's nature in the womb of 
the blessed Virgin: so that two whole and per- 
fect natures, that is to say, the God-head and 
manhood, were joined together in one person, 
never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, 
very God and very man, who truly suffered, was 
crucified, dead and buried, to reconcile his fa- 
ther to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for 
original guilt, but also for actual sins of men. 

III. Of the Resurrection of Christ. 

Christ did truly rise again from the dead, and 
took again his body, with all things appertaining 
to the perfection of man's nature, wherewith he 
ascended into heaven, and there sitteth until he 
return to judge all men at the last day. 



ARTICLES OF RELIOIOK. 63 

IV. Of the J My Ghost. 

The Holy (ihost, proceeding from the Father 
and the Son, i.^ of one substance, majesty, and 
glory with the Father and the Son, very and 
eternal God. 

V. The Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for 
Salvation. 

The Holy Scripture contains all things necessa- 
ry to salvation: so that whatsoever is not read 
therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be 
required of any man, that it should be believed 
as an article of faith, or be thought requsite or 
necessary to salvation. In the name of the 
Holy Scripture, we do understand those canon- 
ical books of the Old and New Testament, of 
whose authority was never any doubt in the 
church. 

The names of the Canonical Books. 

Genesis, 

Exodus, 

Leviticus, 

Numbers, 

Deuteronomy, 

Joshua, 

Judges, 

Ruth, 

The First Book of Samuel, 

The Second Book of Samuel, 

The First Book of Kings, 



64 ARTICLES OF RELIGION. 

The Second Book of Kings, 

The First Book of Chronicles, 

The Second Book of Chronicles, 

The Book of Ezra, 

The Book of Nehemiah, 

The Book of Esther, 

The Book of Job, 

The Psalms, 

The Proverbs, 

Ecclesiastes, or the Preacher, 

Cantica, or Songs of Solomon, 

Four Prophets the greater, 

Twelve Prophets the less: 

All the Books of the New Testament, as 
they are commonly received, we do receive and 
account canonical. 

VI. Of the Old Testament. 

The Old Testament is not contrary to the 
New: for in both the Old and New Testament, 
everlasting life is offered to mankind by Christ, 
who is the only Mediator between God and man, 
being both God and man. Wherefore, they are 
not to be heard, who feign that the old fathers did 
look only for transitory promises. Although the 
law given from God by Moses, as touching cer- 
emonies and rites, doth not bind christians, nor 
ought the civil precepts thereof of necessity 
be received in any commonwealth; yet, notwith- 
standing, no christian whatsoever is free from 
the obedience of the commandments which are 
called moral. 



ARTICLES 0? RELICIOX. f>3 

VII. Of Original Sin. 

Original sin standeth not in the following of 
Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly talk) but it is 
the corruption of the nature of every man, that 
naturally if engendered of the offspring of Adam, 

whereby man is very far gone from original right- 
eousness, and of his own nature inclined to evil, 
and that continually. 

VIII. Of Free Will. 

The condition of man after the fall of Adam 
is such, that he cannot turn and prepare himself 
by his own natural strength and works to faith, 
and calling upon God: Wherefore we have no 
power to do good works, pleasant and accept- 
able to God, without the grace of God by Christ 
preventing us, that we may have a good will, 
and working with us, when we have that good 
will. 

IX- Of the Justification of Man. 

We are accounted righteous before God, only 
for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus 
Christ by faith, and not for our own works or 
deservings; — Wherefore, that we are justified 
by faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine, 
and very full of comfort. 

X. Of Good Works. 

Although good works, which are the fruits of 
faith, and follow after justification, cannot put 
6- 



66 ARTICLES OF RELIGION. 

sway our sins, and endure the severity of God's 
judgments; yet are they pleasing and accepta- 
ble to God in Christ, and spring out of a true 
and lively faith, insomuch that by them a lively 
faith may be as evidently known, as a tree is 
discerned by its fruit. 

XL Of Works of Supererogation. 

Voluntary works, besides, over and above 
God's commandments, which are called works of 
supererogation, cannot be taught without arro- 
gancy and impiety. — For by them men do de- 
clare, that they do not only render unto God 
as much as they are bound to do, but that they 
do more for his sake than of bounden duty is 
required: Whereas Christ saith plainly, When 
ye have done all that is commanded, you say, 
We are unprofitable servants. 

XII. Of sin after justification. 

Not every sin willingly committed after jus- 
tification, is the sin against the Holy Ghost, and 
unpardonable. Wherefore, the grant of repent- 
ance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin 
after justification: After we have received the 
Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace given, 
and fall into sin, and by the grace of God, 
rise again, and amend our lives. And there- 
fore they are to be condemned, who say they 
can no more sin as long as they live here; or 
deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly 
repent. 



Mi 1 [< 1 .1 I nl Kll.li.lON G7 

XUL Qfthe Chunk. 

The rifible Church of Christ is a congrega- 
tion <>t Faithful men, in which the pure word of 
God is preached, and the sacraments duly ad- 
ministered according to Christ's ordinance, in 
all those things that of necessity arc requisite to 
inc. 

XIV. Of Purgatory. 

The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory 
pardon, worshipping, and adoration, as well of 
jes, as of relics, and also invocation of saints, 
is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded 
upon no warrant of scripture, but repugnant to 
the word of God. 

XV. Of %pcakt*g in the Congregation in such a 
Tongue as the People understand. 

It is a thing plainly repugnant to the word of 
God, and the custom of the primitive church, to 
have public prayer in the church, or to minister 
the sacraments in a tongue not understood by 
the people. 

XVI. Of the Sacraments. 

Sacraments ordained of Christ, are not only 
badges or tokens of christian men's profession: 
but rather they are certain signs of grace, and 
God's good-will towards us, by the which he 
doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only 



68 ARTICLES OP RELI6I0K. 

quicked, but also, strengthen and confirm our 
faith in him. 

There are two sacraments ordained of Christ 
our Lord, in the gospel; that is to say, Baptism 
and the supper of the Lord. 

Those five commonly called sacraments, that 
is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Mat- 
rimony, and extreme Unction, are not to be 
counted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being 
such as have partly grown out of the corrupt 
following of the Apostles; and partly are states 
of life allowed in the Scriptures, but yet have not 
the like nature of Baptism and the Lord's Sup- 
per, because they have not any visible sign or 
ceremony ordained of God. 

The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ 
to be gazed upon, or to be carried about; but 
that we should duly use them. And in such 
only as worthily receive the same, they have a 
wholesome effect or operation: but they that re- 
ceive them unworthily, purchase to themselves 
condemnation, as St. Paul saith. 1 Cor. xi. 29. 

XVII. Of Baptism. 

Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and 
mark of difference, whereby christians are dis- 
tinguished from others that are not baptised; 
but it is also a sign of regeneration, or the new 
birth: The baptism of young children is to be 
retained in the church. 



A KTH LBS OF H ELK G¥ 

Will, (n't fit Lard's SupptT. 

The rapper of the Lord is not only a sign 
thai Christiana ought to have among themselves 

one to another, but rather i- ;i Bacrament of our 

redemption by Christ's death: insomuch, that 
h as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive 
the same, the bread which we break is a par- 
taking of the body of Christ; and likewise the 
cnp of bit a partaking of the blood of 

Christ. 

Transnbstantiation, or the change of the sub- 
stance of bread and wine in the supper of our 
Lord, cannot be proved by holy writ; but is re- 
pugnant to the plain words of scripture, over- 
throweth the nature of a sacrament, and hath 
given to many superstitions. 

The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, 
in the supper, only after a heavenly and scrip- 
tural manner. And the means whereby the 
body of Christ is received and eaten in the sup- 
per, is faith. 

The sacrament of the Lord's supper was not 
by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, 
lifted up, or worshipped. 

XIX. Of both kinds. 

The cup of the Lord is not to be denied to 
the lay-people, for both the parts of the Lord's 
supper by Christ's ordinance and commandment 
ought to be administered to all christians alike. 



70 ARTICLES OF RELIOIOX, 

XX. Of the one oblation of Christ finished upon 
the Cross. 

The offering of Christ once made, is that per- 
fect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction 
for all the sins of the whole world, both original 
and actual: and there is none other satisfaction 
for sin but that alone. ( Wherefore the sacrifice 
of masses in the which it is commonly said that 
the priest doth offer Christ for the quick and the 
dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, is a 
blasphemous fable, and dangerous deceit. 

XXI. Of the Marriage of Ministers. 

The ministers of Christ are not commanded 
by God's law either to vow the state of single 
life, or to abstain from marriage; therefore it is 
lawful for them, as for all other christians, to 
marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge 
the same to serve best to godliness. 

XXII. Of the Rites and Ceremonies of Churches. 

It is not necessary that rites and ceremonies 
should in all places be the same, or exactly alike, 
for they have been always different, and may be 
changed according to the diversity of countries, 
times, and men's manners, so that nothing be 
ordained against God's > word. Whosoever, 
through his private judgment, willingly and 
purposely doth openly break the rites and cer- 
emonies of the church to which he belongs, 



ARTICLES OF RELIGION'. 71 

which arc not repugnant to \\\o word of Qod, 
and are Ordained and approved by common au- 
thority, ought to bi rebuked openly, that others 
may fear to do the like, as one that offendeth 
against the common order of the church, and 
WOundeth the consciences of weak brethren. 

Every particular church may ordain, change, 
or abolish rites and ceremonies, so that all things 
may be done to edification. 

XXIII. Of the Rulers of the United States of 
America. 

The President, the Congress, the General 
Assemblies, the Governors, and the Councils of 
State, as the delegates of the people, are the rulers 
of the United States of America, according to 
the division of power made to them by the consti- 
tution of the United States, and by the constitu- 
tions of their respective States. And the said 
States are a sovereign and independent nation, 
and ought not to be subject to any foreign juris- 
diction. 

XXIV. Of Christian men's Goods* 

The riches and goods of christians are not 
common as touching the right, title, and posses- 
sion of the same, as some do falsely boast. Not- 
withstanding, every man ought, of such things 
as he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the 
poor, according to his ability. 



72 ARTICLES OF RELIGION. 

XXV. Of a Christian man's Oath. 

As we confess that vain and rash swearing is 
forbidden christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ, 
and James his apostle; so we judge that the 
christian religion doth not prohibit, but that a 
man may swear, or affirm, when the magistrate 
requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it 
be done according to the prophet's teaching, in 
justice, judgment and truth. 



a*) 

PUBLIC WORSHIP. 



The morning service on the Lord's day, shall 
GODttsfl of singing a hymn, prayer, and reading a 
portion of the word of God; then singing another 
hymn, or part thereof, and preaching. After 

sermon, another hymn, or part of a hymn, shall 
be sung, an appropriate prayer addressed to the 
throne of grace, and the congregation dismissed 
with the apostolical benediction, while the 
preacher and congregation are yel kneeling. 

The afternoon and e\ enin j sen ices shall con- 
ofthe same .-\ KCept reading por- 

tions of Scripture, which may he omitted. 

We recommend that no sermon exceed one 
hour; and that the minister be not tedious in con- 
ducting the other parts of divine worship. It is 
further recommended, that the Lord's prayer be 
repeated at the close of the first morning prayer. 

During public worship, the congregation 
\pected to attend with becoming gravity, 
abstaining from all salutations of persons pre- 
sent, or coming in: and from gazing about, 
>ing, smiling, whispering, and all other in- 
decent behaviour. 4 

* It is expected of all who attend on our ministry, that 

they carefully avoid the too common practice of stand- 

iboilt the church doors before service, and of lciv- 

fore the congregation is regularly dis- 



74 MEANS OF GRACE. 

While the minister is addressing the throne of 
grace, the whole congregation should meekly 
kneel before God; and during the singing of the 
first hymn, stand up with their faces towards 
the minister, and assist in this delightful part of 
divine worship. The verses of the second hymn 
should be read over by the minister, and then 
sung by the people while seated. 

We recommend that all our members take 
their hymn books to the church with them, and 
sing with the spirit, and with the understanding 
also. 

In administering the ordinances, and the bu- 
rial of the dead, let the form of Discipline be 
used. 



MEANS OF GRACE. 

The means of grace recognized by this Church 
are, the public worship of Almighty God, 
searching the scriptures, the Lord's supper, 
love feasts, class meetings, private and family 
prayer. 

Members of the church, who habitually ne- 
glect these means of grace, shall first be admon- 
ished by their leader; then if they refuse to amend, 
the case shall be reported to the superinten- 
dent, who shall admonish them a second time; 
if all shall be unavailing, after sufficient trial, 
the superintendent shall propose to them volun 
tarily to withdraw from the fellowship of the 
church; if they agree with the proposal they 
shall be recorded as withdrawn: but if they re- 



IDMlNIftB ITI0N 01 75 

hse tad still will not amend, they shall be Ut- 
ile to a trial before a committee, who shall have 

authority I rjsure, or exclude them, 

as m their judgment the nature of the rase may 
require; provided, that no person be excluded 
pi lor a habitual neglect of these means of 
mce. 



Order far the administration of the Lord's Supper. 

On the day appointed for the celebration of 
the Lord- Supper, an appropriate discourse shall 
be delivered; after which, a collection shall be 
taken up for the relief of the poor. 

While the stewards are making the collection, 
let the minister repeat one or more of the fol- 
lowing pi 

Let your light so shine before men, that they 
may see y«»ur good works, and glorify your 
Father which is in heaven. Matt. v. 16, 

He that soweth sparingly, shall also reap 
sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully, shall 
also reap bountifully. Let every man do ac- 
cording as he is disposed in his heart; not grud- 
y, or of necessity; for God loveth a cheerful 
giver. 1 Cor. i\. <>. ?. 

Charge those who are rich in this world, that 
they be ready to distribute, willing to commu- 
nicate; laying up in store for themselves a good 
foundation against the time to come, that they 
may lay hold on eternal life. 1 Tim. vi. 17-19. 



76 ADMINISTRATION OF 

Whoso hath this world's good and seeth 
his brother have need, and shutteth up his bow- 
els of compassion from him, how dwelleth the 
love oi God in him? 1 John iii. 17. 

Blessed is he that considereth the poor; the 
Lord will deliver him in the time of trouble. 
Psalm xli. 1. 

As we have therefore opportunity, let us do 
good unto all men, and especially unto them 
who are of the household of faith. Gal. vi. 10. 

In the commencement of the communion service, 
all the ministers and preachers present, shall be 
invited to assemble within the communion rail; 
after which, the officiating minister shall repair 
to the table, uncover the elements, and address the 
communicants in the following words: 

Dearly beloved, while we were yet sinners 
Christ died for us, and became the propitiation 
for our sins, and not for ours only, but for the 
sins of the whole world. In the same night he 
was betrayed he did institute this ordinance, 
and commanded his followers to continue the 
same in commemoration of his death, until he 
come again. You, therefore, who are striving 
to walk in all his commandments blameless, 
will now accompany us in a petition to the 
throne of grace, that we may worthily commem- 
orate the death and passion of our Lord and Sa- 
viour Jesus Christ, 



mi. LORD'l m iter. 77 

I stt us pray, 

AJmighty God, <>iir heavenly Father, who of 
thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Je- 
( hrisl to suffer death upon the cross for our 
redemption; who there, by the oblation of him- 
self, once offered, did make an atonement for 
the -in- ofthe whole world: and did institute this 
ordinance, and in his holy gospel command us to 
continue a perpetual memory of his precious 
death, until his coming again; we pray thee to 
grant us grace, that while we partake of these 
Symbols of the broken body and shed blood of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, in remembrance of his death 
and passion, we may, by faith in him, receive 
the remission of our sins and the salvation of our 

Souls. 

We are not worthy, O Lord, to gather up the 
crumbs from under thy table, for we have sinned 
and come short of thy glory; we have erred and 
strayed from thy ways like lost sheep; we have 
left undone those tilings which we ought to have 
done; and we have done those things which we 
ought not to have done. Have mercy on us, 
God, our heavenly Father, forgive our sins, and 
restore unto us the joy of thy salvation, through 
3 Christ who hath redeemed us by his own 
most precious blood. 

Almighty, and most merciful God, we do not 

presume to approach this thy table, trusting in 

our own righteousness, but in the blood and 

righteousm ill Lord Jesus Christ. Who 

7 



78 ADMINISTRATION OF 

in the same night he was betrayed, took bread, 
and when he had given thanks, he break it, and 
gave to his disciples, saying, take, eat; this is 
my body which was broken for you, this do in 
remembrance of me. After the same manner he 
took the cup, and when he had supped, said; 
this cup is the new testament in my blood, drink 
ye all of it. This do ye, as oft as you drink it. 
in remembrance of me. 

Grant unto us, our heavenly Father, the ef- 
fectual assistance of thy holy Spirit, that while we 
partake of these thy creatures of bread and wine, 
according to thy Son cur Saviour's holy institu- 
tion, in grateful remembrance of his death and 
passion, that our hearts may be penetrated with 
unfeigned love and gratitude for the unspeak- 
able gift of thy Son, in the redemption and 
salvation of our souls. May we be melted into 
tenderness on account of the great love where- 
with Christ hath loved us, and given himself for 
us. May we ever remember his agony and 
bloody sweat in the garden of Gethsemane; his 
cruel mockings and scourgings in Pilate's hall; 
and his ignominious death on the cross. Surely 
he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sor- 
rows; but he was wounded for our transgres- 
sions, he was bruised for our iniquities, the 
chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by 
his stripes we are healed. May we have re- 
demption through his blood which was shed for 
the remission of our sins; and, being justified 
by faith in him, may be filled with love, have 
grace to keep all thy commandments, and shew 



THE LORD s BtTPPlB. ? C J 

forth the Lord's death till he comdL And final- 
ly, bo brought, with all the [srael ofGodj to in- 
herit eternal life, through the rnerits and media- 
tion of out Lord and Sai iour briat. 

Amen. 

The ministers and preachers present shall then 
receiti tin communion of both kinds, after which, 
the following invitation shall be given. 

Ye that do truly and earnestly repent of your 
?ins, and arc in love and charity u ith your neigh- 
bors, and intend to lead a new life, following the 

commandments of God, and walking from hence- 
forth in his holy ways, draw near in faith, and 
partake of this ordinance to your comfort, meek- 
ly kneeling on your knees. 

The ministers shall then distribute the bread to 
the communicants, saying: 

Take, cat this in remembrance that Christ/s 
body was broken for you; for while we were yet 
sinners Christ died for us, and became the pro- 
pitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but 
for the sins of the whole world. 

While the ministers are passing the bread 
around, they may repeat one or more of the follow- 
ing passages: 

God so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on bin 

might not perish, but have everlasting life. 



80 ADMINISTRATION OF 






God sent not his Son into the world to con- 
demn the world, but that the world through him 
might be saved. 

Herein is love, not that we loved God, but 
that he loved us, and sent his Son to be a pro- 
pitiation for our sins. If God so loved us, we 
ought to love one another. 

Christ loved the church, and gave himself for 
it. If ye love me, keep my commandments. 

Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, 
shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he 
that doeth the will of my Father which is in 
heaven. 

Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the king- 
dom of God. 

The ministers shall likewise take of the wine, 
and give to each communicant, saying: 

Drink ye all of this, in grateful remembrance, 
that the blood of Christ was shed for you; for 
ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, 
but with the precious blood of Christ; in whom 
we have redemption, through faith, even the for- 
giveness of our sins, and the sanctification of 
our souls. 

While passing the wine around, the ministers 
may repeat one or more of the following passages: 

If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just 



THE I.nKDS SVPPEft* 91 

to forgive our mm-, ami to cleanse m from all 
nnrighteousm 

If ire walk in the light, as he is in the light, 
we have fellowship one with another, and the 
blood of Jesua Christ In- Son, cleans* ;!; us from 
all unrighteousness. 

Unto liim that loved us, and wa>hed us from 
our sins m his own blood, and hath made us 
kings and priests unto 0od and Ins Father, be 
glory and dominion forever. Amen. 

Wlien all have partakni, what remains of the 
elements, shall he placid upon the table and cover- 
cd with a fair linen cloth; and the service shall 
be conclude trith < xtempore prayer, and the apos- 
tolical benediction. 

The Lord's Supper should be administered, 
at least once a month in stations; and once a 
quarter in circuits. 

On these solemn occasions, let there be no 
hurry; no confusion. Let meditation, prayer, 
and gratitude to God for the unspeakable gilt of 
his Son, occupy every soul. 

While administering the Supper, one of the 
ministers should occasionally give out an appro- 
priate verse or two of a hymn, to be sang by 
the congregation. This might be so timed as to 
serve for a signal to those wiio have communed, 
to rise and retire to their places in the church, 
and give opportunity for the remaining commu- 
nicants to repair to the table. 



82 BAPTISM OF INFANTS. 

Let those who have scruples concerning the 
receiving the Lord's Supper kneeling, be per- 
mitted to receive it, either sitting or standing. 

BAPTISM OF INFANTS. 

W/ien the child to be baptized is brought before 
the minister, he shall say to the parents; 

Beloved friends, you are now about to dedi- 
cate your child to the service of the living and 
true God, who hath said; behold, all souls are 
mine, as the soul of the father, so also the soul 
of the son is mine; and the promise of accep- 
tance and salvation is to you and your children, 
and to all that are afar off. By this act you ac- 
knowledge the high claim of Almighty God to 
the life and services of your offspring; and your 
own obligations to the most High, to your infant, 
and to the church of Christ, to guide its feet into 
the paths of righteousness, and to raise it up into 
the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 

Yoa will need all the wisdom and grace you 

can acquire, to enable you to discharge this your 

imperious duty; we, therefore, exhort you to pray 

to God constantly, so to enlighten your minds 

and influence your hearts, that you may, both by 

precept and example, be enabled to lead your 

children in the true and right way; and induce 

them to glorify God, in their souls and bodies, 

which is their reasonable service. 

Let us pray. 

Almighty and most merciful God, Father of 

our spirits, former of our bodies, Redeemer and 



1 



MJPTIMI OF iman 83 

Saviour of our8( uls, we thank thee that thou hast 
made n our pri ai chUdn 

th] Ben ice, that they may be livel) member* of the 
church of Christ, and I rnal life. 

\\ < beseech thee, o our hi avenly Father, to 
bestow upon the parents of this child, grace n 1 
by they i iptably, with r< 

and godly tear, in holiness and righteous- 
ness all the days of their lives, that by precept 
and example, they may be enabled to train their 
clnld in all godly discipline and admonition, thai 
it may be a worthy member of the church of 
Christ. — Grant, O Lord, that this child may die 
unto sin, and live unto righteousness, and 
being steadfast in faith, joyful through hope, and 
rooted in love, may safely pass the waves of this 
transitory life, and finally come to the heaven of 
eternal n re to dwell with thee, world 

without end, through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

AJmight] i< grant that whosoever is dedi- 
cated to thee, by our oilier and ministry, maybe 
indued with heavenly virtue-, and ever remain 
in the number of thy faithful children; and be 
made partaker- of eternal lite through thy mer- 

;id go- 
vern all things, world without end. Amen. 

Tin p 'iid up , and the minister 

They bn children to Christ, that 

he should touch them, and his disciples rebuked 
those who brought them; but when w it, 

he was much dis and said, sutler the little 



8-1 BAPTISM OF INFANTS. 

children to come unto me, and forbid them not, 
for of such is the kingdom of God. Verily, I 
say unto you, whosoever shall not receive the 
kingdom of God as a little child, shall not enter 
therein. 

And he took them up in his arms, put his 
hands upon them and blessed them. 

The minister shall then take the child in his 
arms, and say to the friends of the child. 
Name this child. 

Repeating the name as given by the parents, he 
shall say, after baptizing. 

N. I baptize thee, in the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. The 
Lord bless this child, and grant him eternal life. 

The minister shall then conclude with the 
apostolical benediction. 

Infant baptism should be administered months 
ly in all our churches, and oftener when neces- 
sary. 

In infant baptism, let it be an invariable rule, 
to require the attendance of the parents of the 
child. 

Let every adult person, and the parents of 
every child to be baptized, have the choice of 
immersion, sprinkling, or pouring. 

Parents whose children have been baptized, 
should attend after service, and inform the min- 
ister of the age, &,c. of the child, or children 
baptized, that he may enter their names, &c. on 
the church register. 



mini* n: \i ION Of I I PI 
TO SUCH kfl Alii: OF R1PEH I B I 

Whin tin | / pn v nt them* 

tin mimUU r shall toy* 

Dearly beloved, forasmuch as all men arc 
born in sin, and that our Saviour Christ saith, 
none Call niter the kingdom of God, except lie* 
be regenerate and hern anew, of water and of 
the Holy Ghost. I beseech von to call upon 
God the Father, through our Lord Jesus Christ, 
that of his bounteous goodn< ss, he will in-ant to 

these person-, now to be baptized, that which by 
nature they cannot have, and that they may be 
made lively members of the church of Christ, and 
heirs of eternal life. 

If t us pray, 

Almighty, everlasting God, whose most dear- 
ly beloved Son, h bus Christ, for the forgiveness 
of our sins, did shed out of his most precious 
side, botli water and blood: and gave command- 
ment to his disciples, that they should go teach 
all nations, arid baptize them in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 
ird, we beseech thee, the supplications of 
this i lion; and grant thai the persons 

now to be baptized may receive the fulness of 
thy £racc, and ever remain in the number of thy 
elect children, through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

merciful God, grant, through the sanctifica- 
tion of thy spirit, and their belief of the troth, 
as it is in Christ Jesus, that the carnal mind in 
8 



86 BAPTISM OF SUCH AS 

them may be destroyed, and that they may be 
created anew in Christ Jesus, unto good works, 
and have their fruit unto holiness, and obtain 
everlasting life. 

Grant that they, being dedicated to thee, by 
our office and ministry, may receive grace where- 
by they may serve thee acceptably with reverence 
and godly fear, in holiness and righteousness all 
the days of their lives; and being indued with 
heavenly virtues, and strengthened by thy grace, 
may have victory, and be eventually rewarded,, 
through thy mercy, blessed Lord God, who 
dost live and govern ail things, world without 
end. Amen. 

The minister shall then demand of each of the 
persons to be baptized, severally. 

1. Do you believe in the existence of God, 
and that he is a rewarder of all those who dili- 
gently seek him? I do. 

2. Do you believe that the Lord Jesus Christ 
is the Redeemer and Saviour of the world? I do. 

3. The sacred scriptures inform us, that we 
have all sinned, and come short of the glory of 
God; but that if we confess our sins, he is faith- 
ful and just to forgive our sins, and to cleanse us 
from all unrighteousness; are you now deter- 
mined, by the aid of divine grace, to forsake every 
evil way, to look to Christ as your only and all 
sufficient Saviour, and to walk in all the com- 
mandments of God? I am. 

4. It is made our duty to search the sacred 
scriptures, and to attend on all the ordinances of 



aim: <>i Kirn: \ i B9 

thehOnseof God, will jrou endeavour to be faith- 
ful in the discharge of these dut • 

1 will, by the assistance of God'a J Inly spirit 

The minuter shall then take tack persm M k 
baptized by tin right hand; shall ask the m 

and thtn repeating the name, sprinkle or pour wa- 
tt r upon him: Sa\ ill 

X. I baptize thee in the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 

The minister may then conclude with extempore 
prayer — repeal the Lord's prayer, and the apos- 
tolical benediction. 



MARRIAGE CEREMOXV. 

At the time afffointi d for soh mnieation of mat' 
riinouy . th< persons tabemarriedj standing togeth- 
er , the man ON the right hand, ami the woman on 

the l<jt. ttu thaU say: 

We are assembled in ttite presencg of God 
and before these witnesses, to solemnize the 
marriage of these two persons present 

If any one cm sh< W JU8( «-;mi^\ why they 
may not lawfully be joined tog* ther let him now 
Bpeak, orelse hereafter hold his peace. 

T\e minister shall then address himself to the 

Wns about to be married, and say: 



88 MATRIMONY. 

If either of you know any lawful cause, or 
just impediment, why you may not legally be 
joined together in matrimony, I charge you to 
confess it; for no ceremony can make valid an 
unlawful marriage. 

If no impediment be alleged, the minister, ad- 
dressing himself to the parties^ shall say: 

Under the influence of mutual affection, you 
are now about to pledge your vows. It will be 
your mutual concern, to perpetuate your love, 
by constant fidelity, and by a practical regard of 
those principles and rules of conduct, which 
the word of God, and good experience, have 
furnished. 

Husband and wife, should be studiously at- 
tentive to know each other's dispositions, and 
anticipate each other's wishes Mutual tender- 
ness and forbearance is indispensable to matri- 
monial happiness; nothing endears like this; 
nothing so effectually rivets affection. 

The husband should consult his wife, make 
her acquainted with the true state of his affairs, 
and allow her a full share of influence; your in- 
terests will be one, and your confidence should 
be mutual. 

The wife should love her husband, shew him 
all possible attention, and make her house the 
place of his delight. 

Husband and wife should conduct towards 
each other with the utmost affability, kindness 
and affection; and constantly seek the protec- 



rmiMOKTi 9B 

tion and assisting grace of God, to enable them 
faithfully and mutually to discharge the numer- 
ous and important duties required of those whe 
become the heads of families* 

The minister shall then say: 

Please join your right hands. 

linn shall the minister jay unto the man: 

Wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded 
Wife, to love, comfort, honour, and keep her in 
sickness and in health: and forsaking all other-. 
keep thee only unto her, so long as you both 
shall life? 

Tin man shall answer: 

I will. 

Then shall the minister say unto the woman. 

Wilt thou have this man to thy wedded hus- 
band, to obey, love, honour and keep him in 
sickness and health; and forsaking all others, 
keep thee only unto him, so long as you both 
shall live? 

The woman shall answer: 
I will. 

The minister shall then say: 

Lit us pray. 

We humbly supplicate thy blessing, heavenly 
8* 



90 MATRIMONY. 

Father, on these persons who have mutually 
entered into marriage covenant. Will it please 
thee to grant them power to keep their vows in 
fidelity; to live together in peace and love, and 
reverently obey thy laws. Under thy protection 
and in the enjoyment of thy favor, may they 
long live in health and comfort, gratefully receiv- 
ing all thy blessings, which thy parental care 
and goodness may confer upon them in this life; 
and in the end, vouchsafe to them, and to us all, 
a participation in life everlasting, Amen. 

TJien shall the minister say, 

Those whom God hath joined together, let no 
man put asunder. 

For £s much as A. B. and C. D. have con- 
sented together in holy wedlock, and have wit- 
nessed ihe same, before God and this company, 
and thereto have pledged their faith, the one to 
the other, and have declared the same by joining 
hands, I pronounce them husband and wife, in 
the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of 
the Holy Ghost. Amen. 



VISITATION OF THE SICK. 

If the minister find the sick person to be 
grossly ignorant, he shall instruct him in the na- 
ture of repentance and faith, and the way of ac- 



\ I^ITA 1'IoN OF THI SICK. 91 

teptcnce with God, through the mediation and 
atonement of Jesus ( Jhrist. 

[f the i "ii appeal to l>< 4 i stupid, 

thoughtless and hardened sinner; the minister 
shall endeavour to awaken his mind; to arouse 
his conscience; to convince him oi the evil and 
danger of sin, of the curse of the law, and the 
wrath of God due to sinners; to bring bim to 
an bumble and penitential sense of Ins iniqui- 
and then to state before him the fulness of 
the grace and mercy of God, in and through the 
merits of the Redeemer; the absolute necessity 
of faith, and repentance, in order to his being 
interested in the favor of God, and his obtain- 
in!: everlasting happiness* 

If the sick person appear to be broken in 
spirit with a sense of sin, and apprehensions of 
the divine displeasure, then it will be proper to 
administer consolation and encouragement! by 
setting before him tlie freeness and richness of 
the grace of God, and the precious promises of 
the gospel made to all penitents. 

The minister must, in all cases, guard the sick 
against all ill grounded persuasions of the mercy 
of God, without a \ital union to Christ; and 
against unreasonable fears of death, and dis- 
pomlin^ discouragements; against presumption 
upon his own and merit, on the one 

hand, and against despair of the mercy and 
grace of God in Christ Jesus on the other. 

In a word, it Is the duty of all ministers and 
pious persons, when visiting the sick, to pray 
With and tor them; and to administer instruction, 



92 BURIAL OF THE DEAD. 

conviction, support, consolation, or encourage- 
ment, as the case may seem to require. And to 
improve the occasion to exhort those about them 
to consider their mortality; to turn to the Lord, 
and make their peace with him; and in health 
prepare for sickness, death and judgment. 



BURIAL OF THE DEAD. 

When the corpse is brought to the grave, the min- 
ister shall repeat one or more of the following 
passages: 

I am the resurrection and the life, saith the 
Lord; he that believeth in me though he were 
dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and 
believeth in me, shall never die. 

I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that he 
shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; and 
though after death, worms destroy this body, yet 
in my flesh shall I see God. 

I heard a voice from heaven, saying unto me, 
Write; From henceforth, blessed are the dead 
who die in the Lord; even so saith the Spirit, for 
they rest from their labors, and their works do 
follow them. 

Blessed be the God, and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, who, according to his abun- 
dant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a live- 
ly hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from 
the dead, to an inheritance, incorruptible, unde- 



r,uni.\L OF THE DEAD. 03 

filed, and that fadeth not away, resetted in hea- 
v. n for those w ho arc kept by the power of God, 

through faith unto saWatioD, read) to be reveal- 
ed at the last tune. 

Behold, I show you a mystery, We shall not 
all sleep, but we shall all he changed, in a mo- 
ment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last 
trump; lor the trumpet shall Bound, and tin? 
dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall 
hanged; lor this corruptible must put on 
incorruptjon, and this mortal must put on im- 
mortality. So when this corruptible shall have 
put on incorruptioo, and this mortal shall have 
put on immortalitj, then shall be brought to pass 
die Baying that is written; Death is swallowed 
up in victory. death, where is thy sting? O 
grave, where is th ▼ victory? The sting of deatli 
is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. But 
thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory, 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Here the minister, if he judge proper, may ex- 
hort those present to reflect Ofk the shortness and un- 
certainty of human life; and to prepare for death, 
judgment, and eternity. 

Let us }>ray. 

Almighty and most merciful God. in whose 
hands are the iss lea of life and death; and be- 
fore whose- bar v. <* shall all stand, and give an 
account of the drrds done in the body; we be- 
seech thee to grant unto us, at all times, a salu- 



94 BURIAL OF THE DEAD. 

iary conviction of the frailty of life, and our 
great responsibility to thee, the judge of quick 
and dead. 

In the midst of life we are in death; we come 
up and are cut down like a flower; we flee as a 
shadow, and never continue in one stay. Death, 
judgment and eternity are just before us, and 
of whom may we seek protection and grace, 
but of thee, most merciful God, who hath re- 
deemed us with the most precious blood of 
Christ, that we might be delivered from the pow- 
er of sin and the fear of death, and be made 
heirs of eternal life. 

We humbly confess, righteous Father, that 
we have sinned, and come short of thy glory. 
We have been undutiful children; slothful ser- 
vants; and unfaithful stewards of the manifold 
mercies of God. Be merciful, Lord, to our 
unrighteousness, pardon our sins, and raise us 
from a death of sin to a life of righteousness, 
through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath 
said; I am the resurrection and the life, he that 
believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall 
he live; and whosoever liveth and believeth in 
me shall not die eternally, 

We beseech thee, Father of all our mer- 
cies, and giver of every good and perfect gift, 
to grant us grace whereby we may serve thee 
acceptably, with reverence and godly fear, all our 
days; looking for the blessed hope, and glorious 
appearing of the great God and our Saviour 
Jesus Christ, to judge the world in righteousness 



\n. HI 

he hour i in winch all that arc m 

their n of 

God, tod Bhall come forth; they that hare done 
good, to ili«' resurrection of life, and they that 

( , to the i :i of i "ii.icni- 

nation. 

I iiH ted, that any ol na 

shouli i" the bitter pains of the second 

death; bul grant thai when we depart this tran- 
iii iv die in possession of trium- 
phant faith, and rest in Christ And, at the 

last day, he found 

ptable in thy sight, and receive that blessing 

which thy well belt « ed Son shall then pronounce 

to all that love am. come, ye 

• d of my fatfajer, receive the kingdom pre- 

pan . fin tiie begin n in i oi the world. 

nly Father, ijrant 
that tin- di D of thy righteous providence 

:ied to th of all present. 

May dui warning, and consider the 

shortness and uncertainty of human life; the 
solemnith i, and the awful realities of 

eternity; and prepare u> meet thee m the judg- 
ment. 

May the relatives of tl • 1 n ■ >t sorrow 

as those who have no hope, hut have urace to 
submit t«» th) will, and he fully pre- 

pared to say the Lord gave and the L<>nl hath 
taken away., blessed be the name of the Lord. 

Bern diction. 

The grace of our Lord Jeans Christ, the love 



i 



96 BURIAL OF THE DEAD. 

of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit re- 
main with us, now and for ever. Amen. 

When the corpse is deposited in the grave, and 
the sexton is returning the earth, the minister may 
repeat one or more of the following passages. 

Dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt re- 
turn. 

It is appointed unto all men once to die, and 
after that the judgment. 

Blessed and holy are they who have part in 
the first resurrection, on such the second death 
hath no power: but they shall be priests of God, 
and of Christ, and shall reign with him forever. 
God will wipe all tears from tneireyes, and there 
shall be no more death; neither sorrow nor 
weeping; neither shall there be any more pain; 
for the former things have passed away. 

Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither 
hath it entered into the heart of man, the things 
which God hath prepared for them that love him. 

Blessed are they that keep his commandments, 
that they may have a right to the tree of life, 
and may enter in through the gates into the city. 

Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death, 
of his saints. 



1)7 

rORM AND MANNER Of 

ORDAINING DEACONS. 

On the day appointed for tin; ordination, an 
appropriate sermon or exhortation shall be de- 
livered. After which, one of the elders shall 
read aloud the names of those to be ordained 
deacons, who shall respectively answer and pre- 
sent themselves before the ministers appointed 
to perform the ordination. 

One of the elders shall then read (he following 
passages: 

"Likewise must the deacons be grave, not 
double-tongued, not given to much wine, not 
greedy of filthy lucre; holding the mystery of 
the faith in a pure conscience. And let these 
also first be proved; then let them use the office 
of a deacon, being found blameless. Even so 
must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, 
faithful in all things. Let the deacons be the 
husbands of one wife, ruling their children and 
their own houses well. For they that have used 
the office of a deacon well, purchase to them- 
selves a good degree, and great boldness in the 

faith which is in Christ Jesus. 1 Tim. iii. 8 — 13. 

i 

Let another of the elders say to the persons 
about to be ordained: 

Beloved brethren, for as much as the holy 
icriptures command, that we should not be hasty 
9 



98 ORDINATION OF DEACONS. 

in laying on hands, and admitting persons to min- 
ister in the church of Christ, therefore, before 
we admit y-ou to the office of deacon in the 
church of God, we will examine you in the pre- 
sence of this congregation, and receive your 
answers to the following questions: 

Are you fully persuaded that the holy scrip- 
tures contain sufficiently all doctrine required of 
necessity for eternal salvation? And will you 
out of the same holy scriptures instruct the peo- 
ple, and teach and maintain, nothing as of 
necessity required for salvation, but that which 
you shall be persuaded may be proved by them? 

Will you faithfully exercise yourself in the 
study of the holy scriptures, and call upon God 
by prayer for the true understanding of the same, 
so that you may be able, to teach and exhort 
with wholesome doctrine, and to withstand and 
convince gainsayers? 

Will you deny all ungodliness and worldly 
lusts, and live soberly, righteously, and godly in 
this world, that you may shew yourself in all 
things a worthy example to the flock of Christ? 

Will you diligently endeavor to teach and 
discipline your family according to the doctrine 
of the Gospel, and make them, as much as in 
you lieth, examples to others? 

Will you strive to maintain, quietness, 
peace and love among all christian people, and 
especially among them who are committed to 
your care? 



OHDIN \ i ion 09 Di AOONti ffi) 

Almighty God, gtter of ever) good and por- 
gift, mercifully behold these thj servants, 

now lbl :i part for the oilier and work of deacons 

in thy church. Grail! bo to replenish them wfth 

the truth of thy doctrine, and adorn then with 
innOCency of life, that both by word and (rood 

example, they may faithfully serve the church 
in this otlice, to the glory of thy name, and the 
edification of thy people, through the merits of 
our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. 

The ciders present shall then lay their hands 
K rt rally upon the head of every one that receiveth 
the order of deacon, the receivers remaining on 
their knees, for the convenience of the ordainers. 

The president pronouncing aloud the following 
words: 

The Lord pour upon thee the Holy Spirit, for 
the office and work of a deacon, committed 
unto thee by the election of thy brethren, and 
by the imposition of our hands. 

Be thou faithful. Give heed unto reading, 
exhortation and doctrine; be diligent, that thy 
advancement in grace and knowledge, may be 
manifest unto all men, and that thou mayest 
save thyself and those that hear thee. 

The president shall then deliver to every one of 
them the Bible in his hands, saying: 

We acknowledge thy authority to preach this 



100 ORDINATION OF DEACONS. 

word, and to assist the elder in the administra- 
tion of the ordinances in the church of God. 

We charge thee before God, and the Lord 
Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the 
dead, preach the word, be instant in season, out 
of season. Reprove, rebuke, exhort with all 
long suffering and doctrine. 

Then shall the president say: 

Let us pray. 

Most merciful Father, we beseech thee to 
grant unto these thy servants, now set apart to 
the office of deacon, thy heavenly blessing; and 
so indue them with thy holy spirit, that they, 
preaching thy word, may not only be earnest to 
reprove, beseech, and exhort, with all patience 
and long suffering; but also, may be to such 
as believe, wholesome examples, in doctrine, 
in conversation, in love, in faith, in charity, in 
purity; that faithfully fulfilling their course, at 
the last day, each may receive a crown of right- 
eousness, laid up by the Lord, the righteous 
Judge, who liveth and reigneth one God with 
the Father and the Holy Ghost, world without 
end. 

Assist us, Lord, in all our doings with thy 
most gracious favor, and further us with thy con- 
tinued help, that in all our works, begun, con- 
tinued and ended in thee, we may glorify thy 
holy name; and finally, by thy mercy obtain ev- 



ORDINATION Of ELDERS. 10 I 

evlasting life, 1 1 1 r « » 1 1 i_r 1 1 JeSQfl ( ' 1 1 r i s t our Lord. 
Amrn. 

The peace of God, which passeth all under- 
standing, ke< p your hearts and minds in the 
knowledge and love of God, and of his Son 
Jesus Christ oui Lord; and the blessing of God 
A t in iirht \ , tlif Father, tin; Son and the Holy 
Ghost, be with yon always. Amen. 



FORM AND MANNER 

OF ORDAINING ELDERS. 

On the day of ordination a sermon or exhorta- 
tion shall be delivered: alter which one of the 
elders shall read aloud the names of the persons 
to be ordained, who shall answer respectively, 
and present themselves before the ministers ap- 
pointed to perform the ordination. 

One of the ciders shall then read the following 
passages of Holy writ. 

"And Jesus came, and spake unto them, say- 
ing, All power is given unto me in heaven and 
IA earth. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, 
baptizing them in the name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching 
them to observe all things whatsoever I have 
commanded you: and lo, I am with vou alwav, 
9* 



103 ORDINATION OF ELDERS. 

even unto the end of the world. Amen." — Matt. 
xxviii. 18—20. 

"But unto every one of us is given grace ac- 
cording to the measure of the gift of Christ. 
Wherefore he saith, when he ascended up on 
high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts un- 
to men. Now that he ascended, what is it but 
that he also descended first into the lower parts 
of the earth? He that descended is the same 
also that ascended up far above all heavens, that 
he might fill all things. And he gave some apos- 
tles; and some prophets; and some evangelists; 
and some pastors and teachers. For the per- 
fecting of the saints / for the work of the minis- 
try, for the edifying of the body of Christ. Till 
we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the 
knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect 
man, unto the measure of the stature of the ful- 
ness of Christ. — Eph. iv. 7 — 13. 

"This is a true saying, if a man desire the of- 
fice of a bishop, he desireth a good work. A 
bishop then must be blameless, the husband of 
one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, 
given to hospitality, apt to teach. Not given to 
wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but 
patient; not a brawler, not covetous. One that 
ruleth well his own house, having his children in 
subjection with all gravity. (For if a man know 
not how to rule his own house, how shall he 
take care of the church of God?) Not a novice, 
lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the 
condemnation of the devil. Moreover, he must 
have a good report of them which are without; 



ORB!* AT I ON Of ELDERS. 103 

|gal he fall into reproach and the snare of the 
devil."— 1 Tim. 1—7. 

Another of the elders shall say to the persons 
about to he ordained* 

Beloved brethren, forasmuch as the holy scrip- 
tures command, that we should not be hasty in 
laying on hand-, and admitting persons to min- 
ister in the church of Christ, therefore, beforo 
ire admit you to the office of elder in the church 
of God, ire will examine yon in the presence of 
this congregation, and receive your answers to 
the following questions. 

Are you rally persuaded, that the holy scrip- 
tures contain sufficiently all doctrine required of 
necessity for eternal salvation? and will you out 
of the sann 1 holy scriptures instruct the peo- 
< pie, and teach and maintain nothing, as of ne- 
iv required lor salvation, but that which you 
shall be persuaded may be proved by them? 

Will you faithfully exercise yourself in the 
study of the holy scriptures, and call upon God, 
by prayer, for the true understanding of the same, 
so that you may be able to teach and exhort 
with wholesome doctrine, and to withstand 
and convince gains-; 

Will you deny all ungodliness and worldly lusts, 
and live soberly, righteously, and godly in this 
present world, that you may .-hew yourself in all 
things a worthy example to the flock or Christ? 

Will you diligently endeavour to teach and 
discipline your family according to the doctrine 



104 ORDINATION OF ELDERS. 

of the gospel, and make them, as much as in you 
lieth, examples to others? 

Will you strive to maintain, quietness, 
peace and love among all christian people, and 
especially among them who are committed to 
your care? 

Let us pray. 

All shall now kneel before God, and the elder shall say. 

Almighty God, giver of every good and perfect 
gift, mercifully behold these thy servants now- 
set apart for the office and work of elders in thy 
church. Grant so to replenish them with the 
truth of thy doctrine, and adorn them with in- 
nocency of life, that both by word and good ex- 
ample, they may faithfully serve the church in 
this office, to the glory of thy name, and the edi- 
fication of thy people, through the merits of our 
Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. 

The elders present shall then lay their hands 
severally upon the head of every one that receiveth 
the order of elder, the receivers remaining on their 
knees, for the convenience of the ordainers. 

The President pronouncing" aloud the following* words. 

The Lord pour upon thee the Holy Spirit for 
the office and work of an elder, committed unto 
thee by the election of thy brethren, and the im- 
position of our hands, and be thou faithful. 



ORDINVTION OV ELDLRS. 10G 

TVie president shall then deliver to each one of 
them the Bible in kit hands, saying, 

We acknowledge thy authority to preach this 
word, and to administer tha ordinances in the 
church of Christ. 

Feed the flock df God, taking the oversight 
thereof; not as a Lord over God's heritage, but 
being an example to the flock. And when tho 
chief ihepherd shall appear thou shalt receive a 
crown of glory, that fadeth not away. 

Then shall the president say: 

Let us pray: 

Most merciful Father, we beseech thee to 
grant unto these thy servants, now set apart to 
the office of elder, thy heavenly blessing; and 
so indue them with thy Holy Spirit, that they, 
preaching thy word, may not only be earnest to 
reprove, beseech, and exhort with all patience 
and long suffering; but also may be to such as 
believe, wholesome examples in doctrine, iu 
conversation, in love, in faith, in charity, in pu- 
rity; that faithfully fulfilling their course, at the 
last day each one may receive a crown of 
righteousness laid up by the Lord, the righteous 
Judge, who liveth and rigneth one God with the 
Father and the Holy Gho^t, world without end. 

Assist us, Lord, in all our doings, with thy 

I" most precious favour, and further us with thy 



106 ORDINATION OF ELDERS. 

continued, and ended in thee, we may glorify 
thy holy name, and finally, by thy mercy, ob- 
tain everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our 
Lord. Amen. 

Benediction. 

The peace of God, which passeth understand- 
ing, keep your hearts and minds in the love of 
God, and of his Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord; 
and the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be with you, al- 
ways. Amen. 



BOUNDARIES oV THE RESPECTIVE 
DISTRICTS. 

1 Tin Vermont District, 

Shali commence at the south east corner of 
the stat(> iA Vermont; thence west to Lansuag- 
burgonthe Northriver, thence up the same and 
along the ('anal by Whitehall and Lake Cham- 
plain, to the Canada line; thence east to the near 
corner of New Hampshire, and from thence to 
the beginning. 

2 The Boston District, 

8 tall include New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island and Connecticut. 

8 Niw York and L<»wer Canada District. 

Lowqt C in ad a, including all the islands in 
Lake Champlain to Whitehall, and along the 
Canal to Troy: thence west to Lake Ontario; 
thence north with the Lake, and the river St, 
Lawrence, to the Canada line. 

4 The Gennessee District, 

Shall be bounded on the east and south, by the 
Xew York and Pennsylvania Districts; on the 
west and north by Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie. 

C> Tin; New York District, 

Shall commence at New Brunswick; thence by 
a straight line to the Delaware river, opposite Eas- 
ton, thence north to the interrection of the line* 



108 BOUNDARIES OF THE 

of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York; 
thence along the state line of New York to the 
boundary of the Gennessee Conference; thence 
on the east line crossing Connecticut river, so 
as to embrace the city of New York, and to 
Norwalk, and persuing south with the East 
river, to the place of beginning. 

6 The Pennsylvania District, 

Shall include all that state east of the Sus- 
quehanna river, the states of Delaware and New 
Jersey, not embraced in the New York District, 
and all the Eastern Shore of Maryland, above 
the Sassafras river. 

7 The Maryland District, 

Includes all the state of Maryland except Ce- 
cil county. The District of Columbia, Acco- 
mack, Northampton, Fairfax, Prince William, 
Loudoun, Fauquier, Jefferson, Berkeley, Frede- 
rick, Hampshire and Hardy counties in Virginia; 
and bounded on the west by the Alleghany 
Mountains, to the western branch of the Susque- 
hannah river in Pennsylvania; thence down the 
river to Havre-de grace. 

8 The East Virginia DrsTRicr, 

Includes all the state of Virginia, East of the 
Alleghany Mountains, except the counties at- 
tached to the Maryland District. 

9 The North Carolina District, 
Shall include all the state of North Carolina. 



Ill iPKC 1 I\ | MM HIC1S. 109 

10 Tin; Tinm BSE] District 

Is bounded by the Alabama, Ohio, and North 
Carolina Districts. 

I 1 Tin: ftlORGIA Dli PEK i\ 

Shall embrace the state of Georgia, and East 
Florida. 

IS Tin; ALABAMA District, 

Shall embrace all the states of Alabama, Mis- 
sissippi and the territory of West Florida. 

13 The Ohio District, 

Shall embrace all the state of Ohio, and those 
parts of Virginia and Pennsylvania, west of the 
Allegany Mountains, the bordering partsof Ken- 
tucky, Indiana, and Illinois. 

The presidents of adjoining Conferences may 
make alterations in their boundaries respecting 
particular places and appointments, with the 
consent of the societies immediately concern- 
ed; all which shall be laid before their approach- 
ing Annual Conferences for adoption or re- 
jection. 

10 



(110) 

Allowance to Ministers and Preachers, in the 
employ of the Annual Conferences* 

1. The allowance of a single minister or 
preacher, shall be one hundred dollars per an- 
num, and his travelling expenses. 

2. The allowance of a married minister or 
preacher, shall be two hundred dollars per an- 
num, and his travelling expenses. 

3. Each child of a minister, or preacher, shall 
be allowed twenty dollars per annum, while the 
parent continues in the itinerancy; but when it 
shall have arrived to fourteen years of age, the 
annuity shall cease. Those ministers or preach- 
ers whose wives are deceased, shall be allow- 
ed for each child annually, a sum sufficient to 
pay its board during the above term of years, 
unless otherwise provided for by the circuit or 
station. 

4. Widows of itinerant ministers or preachers, 
whose circumstances require it, shall be allowed 
one hundred dollars per annum. The orphans 
of ministers and preachers, who die in the itine- 
rancy, shall be allowed twenty dollar per annum, 
until they shall have arrived at fourteen years of 
age. 

5. Superannuated ministers, # shall be allowed 

* A superannuated Minister is one who is worn out 
in the itinerant service, and incapable of preaching 
constantly, but is willing to perform any work in the 
ministry to which his strength is adequate. Ministers of 
this description are permitted to select their place of 
labour and residence, for any definite time. 



AI.l.ou \s< i ro MINISTERS. 111 

tin* sane compensation as is made to effectiye 
ministers; ;m<l their widows and orphans shall be 
entitled to the same allowance as is made to 
those <>f ministers and preachers who die in the 
itinerancy. 

t>. Ministers or pr^chers, not under the sta- 
tionary authority of the annual conference of 
their district, who may be employed by an annual 
conference or its president, for any definite pe- 
riod, shall ho allowed the same rate of compensa- 
tion for the time of service, as is allowed to 
itinerant ministers or preachers. 



It is recommended that each annual confer- 
ence, at its first session, institute and organize 
a henevolent society, having for its object the 
relief and support of superannuated itinerant 
ministers, and the widows and orphans of those 
ministers and preachers who shall have died in 
rvice of the conference. 

It is also recommended, that our friends, male 
and female, in every circuit and station, raise 
Preachers 1 Aid Societies, for the purpose of as- 
sisting to make up the deficiencies of quarterage 
allowed by discipline, to ministers and preach- 
ers, their wives, widows, and children. 



( 112) 

GENEHAL REGULATIONS FOR THE 

PUBLICATION OF BOOKS, TRACTS, &c. 

There shall be a Book Committee, consisting 
of five persons, all ministers or members of this 
church, whose duty it shall be to select, from 
time to time, such books, tracts, &c. for publi- 
cation, as a majority of them may deem proper; 
but no book shall be published without the con- 
sent of the book agent. 

The following named persons shall consti- 
tute the book committee, Francis Waters, James 
R. Williams, Samuel K. Jennings, John Chap- 
pell, and John H. Kennard, to serve until the 
sitting of the general conference of this church 
in May, 1834. 

The annual conference of the Maryland dis- 
trict, shall have power to fill all vacancies 
occuring in the committee. In the interval of . 
conference, the committee may fill its own va- 
cancies, subject, however, to the approval or re- 
jection of the annual conference. 

Brother John J. Harrod, of Baltimore, shall 
be book agent, and shall publish such books, 
tracts, &c. as may be agreed on by the book com- 
mittee and himself; all of which shall be sold to 
the conferences, preachers and members at whole- 
sale prices. 

He shall make a discount of ten per cent, from 
the wholesale prices, on all moneys paid to him 
by the conferences, preachers, and members; 



PUBLICATION OF BOOH 1 I -J 

winch ten per cetit. shall be paid over to the 
hook committee, to be held bj them as a book 
fund for the church. The funds thus raised 
■hall be invested by the committee if they judge 
proper. 

The hook agent shall make an exhibit to the 
|ommittee, every six months, shewing the a- 
mount of sales made to the preachers, &c. and 
pay over to the committee the per centage in 
hand. 

In the event of th< 4 death or resignation of 
the hook audit the committee Bhall appoint 
another. 

The hook agent may place at the disposal of 
the respective annual conference -towards, such 
hooks as tin y order, and for the payment of 
which their respective conferences become res- 
ponsihle. 

When a conference steward is not re-elected, 
he shall make a full statement of all the books 
sold and those remaining in his district; and make 
a transfer to his successor, of all the books and 
accounts left with the preachers in the district, 
the amount of which shall go to his credit, and 
past to the debit of his successor. 

It shall be the duty of all the conference 
Stewards, having accounts open with the book 
agent, to pay over to him, or his agent, annual- 
ly, or oftener, all tin 1 moneys in their hands, or 
which may be due from them, rendering at the 
same time an account of all the hook- remain- 
ing in their district unsold; and it shall be the 
10' 



114 PUBLICATION OF BOOKS. 

duty of the preachers, in stations or circuits 
having accounts with the conference steward, to 
make settlement and render payment in a sim- 
ilar way. When a preacher leaves his station 
or circuit, he must settle with the conference 
steward for all the books he has disposed of, 
and make out an inventory of all that remain 
unsold, which shall be collected at one place: 
the amount shall go to his credit, and be trans- 
ferred to his successor who shall take charge 
of the same, provided the conference steward 
consent to the transfer. 

Every annual conference shall appoint a com- 
mittee, to examine the accounts of the confer- 
ence steward and preachers, in their respective 
stations and circuits. If any preacher or mem- 
ber be indebted for books or for the Mutual 
Rights and Methodist Protestant, and refuse to 
make payment, or come to a just settlement, let 
him be dealt with as for a breach of trust, and 
such measures be adopted for the recovery of 
such debts as shall be agreeable to the directions 
of the annual conferences respectively. 



Resolved, That the hymn book, published by 
brother John J. Harrod, and adopted by this 
convention, be used in all our churches. 

Resolved, That the several annual conferences 
be, and they are hereby most earnestly request- 
ed to adopt such measures, as in their wisdom 
they may deem most proper, for the purpose of 
creating additional funds, to aid in the establish- 



PUBLICATION of periodical. 118 

mom of i book concern I'V the ensuing general 
conference. 



GENSRAL REGULATIONS FOR THE 

PUBLICATION OF A WEEKLY PAPER, 

Entitled the Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 

There shall be B weekly periodical published 
in Baltimore, entitled the Mutual Rights and 
Methodist Protestant. The net! proceeds of the 
paper shall be paid over annually, to the book 
committee, to be invested for the purpose of 
raising a fund for a book concern. 

On the representation of any three members 
of the book committee, the annual conference 
of the Maryland district shall have power, if they 
judge it necessary, to remove the editor. In the 
evmt ot the death, removal, or resignation of 
the editor, the book committee shall appoint 
another; and the subscription list, and all books, 
manuscripts, accounts, &x. belonging to the 
paper, together with all surplus moneys, remain- 
ing in the hands of the editor, or his executor, 
shall be delivered up to the committee. 

The editor shall make an exhibit to the book 
committee every three mouths, shewing the state 
of the subscription list, together with his receipts 
and disbursements during the ouarter. 



116 COURSE OF READING. 

Resolved, That this convention respectfully 
Tequest the zealous co-operation of the minis- 
ters, preachers, members and friends of this 
Church in extending the circulation of the Mu- 
tual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 



The following course of reading is prescrib- 
ed for candidates for the ministry in this 
Church: 

Class 1st. 

*The Scriptures of the Old and New Testa- 
ments. 

Dr. Adam Clarke's Commentary. 

Home's Introduction to the study of the 
Holy Scriptures. 

*Paley's Horae Paulinae. 

# Prideaux' Connexions 

* Wesley's Sermons and Notes. 
*Fletcher's Checks. 

Class 2d. 

Clarke's Evidences of Natural and Revealed 
Religion. 8vo. 

Clarke's Grotius. 8vo. 
*Paley's Natural Theology. 
*Butler's Analogy. 
*Paley's Evidences of Christianity. 
Magee on the Atonement. 

* Watts on the Mind. 
^Hedge's Logic. 



cot'Rsf, op kkadino. 117 

Brown's Philosophy. 
*Jamieson's Rhetoric. 

Class 3d. 

Watson's Institutes. 

Dwight's Theology. 

* Jones on the Trinity. 

*CampbelPs Lectures on Ecclesiastical His- 
tory. 

'Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History. 

*Rollins Ancient History. 

Wells' Geography of the Old and New Tes- 
taments. 

Hannah Moore's Works. 

•Milton's Paradise Lost. 

Pollock's Course of Time. 

Cowper's Task. 

*Adam Clarke's Manual. 
Do. Eucharist. 

Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist 
Protestant Church. 

Candidates for the ministry, will be expected 
to read, or consult, carefully, the above books, 
as far as may be practicable, and at any rate to 
be prepared on those marked thus ( # ) previous to 
their admission. 

It is also recommended, that Butterworth's 
Concordance be used in the study of the Scrip- 
tures, and that students and preachers make 
themselves familiar with Insrersoll's or Kirk- 



118 

ham's English Grammar, and Walker's Key to 
the pronunciation of the proper names which 
occur in the Scriptures. These books should 
always be kept ready at hand. 



119 



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TO THE 
MINISTERS AND MEMBERS 

OF THE 

METHODIST PROTESTANT CHURCH. 

Beloved brethren, it is matter of unspeakable 
joy and gratitude, that, under the control and 
blessing of Almighty God, the deliberations of 
our convention have been brought to so favour- 
able an issue. We are now sacredly confeder- 
ated in virtue of an instrument, which has been 
the result of much intense and candid reflection 
and dijcussion; and which is based, we humbly 
trust, on the clearest principles of the natural 
and religious rights of man. Our moral regula- 
tions have also been carefully and studiously 
framed in view of the precepts and authority of 
the sacred canon, and will be found, we hope, 
to be sustained by that high sanction. 

All ecclesiastical regulations and discipline 
should definitively have for their object the im- 
provement of man in virtue and happiness. 
Such, we are informed is positively the design 



129 

of the inspired writings, "that the toan of Gkfd 

mav fee perfect, thoroughly for Dished unto all 
good works.'' It is clear frottl the doctrine of 
the holy scriptures, thai divine truth is not only 

intended for the purposes of illumination and 
conviction, but also for spiritual influence and 
sanctification: and that the nature and sincerity 
of faith must ever be tested by an affectionate 
and holy obedience. If ye love me, says our 
Saviour, keep my commandments. This princi- 
ple, which is never questioned in regard to the 
positive precepts of revelation, certainly operates 
with proportionate authority and reason in all 
those rules of moral and religious conduct, which, 
although not literally and explicitly prescribed 
in the gospel, are notwithstanding to be inferred 
from it by a fair and obvious construction. We 
now allude to those plain and reasonable duties 
of religion which we have thought proper to de- 
nominate means of grace, which we have con- 
nected as such in our church ritual with others 
of divine and positive institution, and the ob- 
servance of all which would no doubt greatly 
contribute to our growth and improvement in 
christian knowledge and excellence. 

The character of a good man consists essen- 
tially of good and upright principles, and that 



130 

character can be known and appreciated only by 
the virtues which unfold and display it. For us 
then to be esteemed true believers, we must have 
and cultivate the genuine faith of the gospel, and 
to merit justly the distinguishing name of the 
disciples of Christ, it doubtless becomes us to 
exemplify the spirit and temper of his holy reli- 
gion. As christians it plainly behooves us to be 
sound in the pure doctrines of Christianity, 
steadfast in the faith which was once delivered 
to the saints, careful and instructive in example 
and deportment, diligent in improving all the 
means of spiritual attainment, watchful and so- 
licitous for the welfare of our brethren, and zeal- 
ous to promote and extend in every possible man- 
ner the cause and glory of the Redeemer. All 
these high objects and incitements seem measura- 
bly at least presented and secured to us by the 
labours of the convention. 

Let us now, for a moment, bestow a serious 
thought upon the daily and uniform example, 
which, as the followers of Christ, and the mem- 
bers of our highly favoured fellowship, it is pro- 
videntially made our duty and glory to display, 
whilst we more particularly consider the great 
practical utility of those means of grace which 
have been so wisely and happily adopted for the 



131 

promotion of oui spiritual improvement and comn 
fort 

I. The study of the holy scriptures. Ilorc 
but a few words are sufficient. No man, unleea 

he kn<>\\s and understands his duty, can dis- 
charge it as a virtue, and with acceptance to 
God. This position is clear and incontroverti- 
ble. Our Saviour has Biated it in a plain and 
emphatic declaration; if ye know these things, 
happy are ye, if yo db them. So far then as duty 
is concerned] fre acknowledge od all hands, that 
♦he Bible is the ureal, and sutlicient source of 
light and instruction to us on every point of faith 
and practice. Hut this -acred Book we Bhould 
read and study, not only to make us wise in the 
M-iencc of salvation, to fiirnish us with the rea- 
sons and evidences of our faith, and with argu- 
ments to refute and repel the cavils of gainsay- 
ers, but also to sustain and console us, with its 
rich and abundant promises, on every occasion 
of mental depression and conflict. Says the 
Psalmist, thy word i- a lamp unto my feet, and 
a light unto my path. Unless thy law had been 
my delight, I should have perished in min< 
lliction. Such is the testimony of an an< 
servant of God, a testimony, which has bei D 
gracioi^ly repeated and realised a thousand times 



132 

in every age of the church. Let us all therefore 
make it a point of duty to read the word of God 
daily, and implore the divine blessing upon our 
meditations, that his word may do us good, as it 
doth the upright in heart. 

2. The worship of God. 1. Private prayer. 
It is recommended from the experience of pious 
and good men in all ages, as well as from the 
holy scriptures, that the people of God have daily 
their hours and seasons for mental retirement 
and devotion. This is a duty which, in view of 
its absolute necessity to the inward discipline 
and comfort of the soul, and its many other ad- 
vantages, ought always to be punctually attend- 
ed to, and never neglected; and which should in 
a manner be estimated as the special medium of 
personal intercourse and communion with God* 
Not only is the duty assigned and expressly in- 
culcated by Christ, but also its peculiar blessings 
and fruits he has most distinctly marked out and 
portrayed. No one indeed can justly value the 
benefits of private prayer, but every one, who has 
ever been regularly and habitually engaged in 
this duty, knows well, to his pain and condem- 
nation, how soon, upon the desertion of his clo- 
set, his soul has declined in the spirit and enjoy- 
ment of religion. Let every one of our mem- 



183 

bers thru be found itatedlj and punctually, three 
or four tines in the day, upon his knee- before 

God, and it will evidently appear how God re- 
wards hi^ people openly, and honours with his 
favour and blessing those who honour him. 

2. Family worship. This is all important to 
the purposes of famil y religion, and good domes- 
tic order and government. The effect* produced 
thereby upon the minds of children and do- 
mestics, and the comfort imparted by the same 
means to the heads of families themselves, are 
really incalculable. The voice of rej >\c i »ilt and 
salvation i^ in the tabernacles of the righteous. 
Is this the testimony of eternal truth? Let it 
not then be said of us, beloved brethren, that there 
is one household throughout our community in 
which the parents, and children, and servants, 
are not regulatly presented before God, morning 
and evening, in offices of prayer and praise. On 
this subject, let none plead the want of talent 
or experience. It is the offering of the heart 
which God appreciates and accepts; and no 
doubt, the special blessing of heaven will de- 
scend upon that family, wherein a portion of the 
scriptures only is re; id as an cere 
homage and devotion to the Almighty. 

3. The house of God. That kind of influ- 

12 



134 

ence which family religion, regularly maintain- 
ed, exerts over the domestic circle, the public 
worship of God, duly and statedly celebrated, 
extends over the community at large. Agreea- 
bly to the very spirit and nature of a religious 
profession, as well as the express letter of the 
New Testament, it must certainly be admitted, 
that every member of the church is held respon- 
sible to attend the services of the house of God. 
Forsake not the assembling of yourselves to- 
gether, is a positive and sacred command. 
Where even two or three are met together in my 
name, there am I in the midst of them, is a pro- 
mise equally delightful and encouraging. As we 
then regard the authority of Jesus Christ; as we 
value means which God himself has instituted 
and blessed a thousand times over; as we feel 
solicitous for the influence of Christianity upon 
public opinion, and public morals; as we are con- 
cerned for the conversion of our children and 
our friends; as we are deeply interested for the 
revival, and spread of the work of grace under 
our ministry, and the extending prosperity of our 
beloved Zion; as we hold all of these objects 
dear to our hearts, let every Methodist Protes- 
tant be always ready to enter in at the sanctuary 



136 

of Jehovah, ami be seen in his proper place on 
the Lord's day. 

In tikis connexion, we may make a remark 
upon the duty of punctual and devoutattendance 
on those more intimate and social fellowships, 
known amongst us, bv the name of c!a-s meet- 
ings. The importance and advantages of this 
means of grace are not now left to await the re- 
port of experiment. The edification and com- 
fort derivable from them, their peculiar adapta- 
tion to unfold and improve the varieties and vi- 
cissitudes of religious experience, their precise 
accommodation to all the diversified shades of 
christian trial, and christian character, can only 
be duly estimated by such as have mingled in 
those interesting and heavenly scenes and occa- 
sions, where the disconsolate have been relieved 
and blessed; the broken hearted penitent has 
found the Saviour of sinful men; the weak and 
tempted have been strengthened and delivered; 
the doubting confirmed, and the faithful people 
of God have taken sweet counsel together, and 
felt their cup of spiritual joy to be full and over- 
flowing. 

If, in any respect, christian brethren, these 
meetings have degenerated under our notice and 
observation, it remains lor us to endeavour, with 



136 

the blessing of God, to revive them according to 
the genuine spirit of their original intention and 
tested excellence, and thus secure to our fellow- 
ship the benefits of an institution, which God has 
so signally blessed to thousands both in Europe 
and America. 

3. The Lord's supper. Is it necessary to state 
the importance and obligation of frequenting 
this means of grace? Surely it is enough, that 
Christ himself instituted this holy and distin- 
guishing ordinance of the New Testament, at the 
most affecting and impressive period of his earth- 
ly history; and has solemnly enjoined the obser- 
vation of it upon every member of his church. 

This do ye in remembrance of me. For as 
often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye 
do show the Lord's death, till he come. Such 
are the interesting views given us of this subject 
in the sacred scriptures, and who can read them, 
and much more, who can approach the memori- 
als of his Saviour's sufferings and death, with- 
out having his heart deeply penetrated with a 
sense of the great and destructive evil of sin, 
and his faith and hope elevated exclusively 
to that Redeemer, who was wounded for our 
transgressions, and bruised for our iniquities? Let 
us therefore, beloved brethren, with constancy 



11? 

and holy delight, honour, on all occasions, this 
positive institution of our divine master. 

4. Patting or abstinence, as a christian duty 
and a means of grace, claims unquestionable re- 
spect from everj professor of religion. Whether 
used for the purposes of health, lor personal 
mortification anil self-denial, as a fit occasion of 
appropriately and seriously considering the po- 
verty and distress which afflict so many thou- 
sands of our race, a- a means of weakening and 
subduing our eartl \j affections, or a season of 
supplicating the blessing oi God, in view of 
any especial object — i<>v any which purpoft it may 
properly be used — this kind of discipline will 
often be found of great and salutary service to 
the soul. The frequency oi resorting to this 
means of grace must be left, to a great extent, 
with the conscience and judgment of the indivi- 
dual himself; but still we hope that it will be the 
practice generally, throughout our fellowship, to 
observe with due respect the Friday preceding 
each quarterly meeting, as a day of lasting or ab- 
stinence, and prayer. 

5. Having said thus much about the means of 
grace, we would now aiVectionately claim vour 
attention to some other subjects of a more moral 
nature, but yet of scarcely less importance and 

10- ' 



138 

concern. 1. The religious education of our 
children. This duty seems, in some sense, to be 
taught and inculcated by the very suggestions of 
nature, in that instinctive solicitude which the 
parent feels to protect and provide for the wel- 
fare of his offspring in every possible manner. In 
the Holy Scriptures, at least, it is mostpositively 
enjoined, and, with the reasons there furnished 
for the necessity and character of the claim, it 
must recommend itself to every man's con- 
science in the sight of God. Here then, it is not 
too much to say, revelation and nature conspire 
to command and engage our strictest attention. 
The subject is also rendered more sacred, if pos- 
sible, and dearer to our affections, from the fact, 
that our church now recognizes the children of 
its members as solemnly dedicated to God in 
baptism, and as fit subjects of religious instruc- 
tion, and pastoral oversight. We hope that 
none of us will be indifferent to this excellent 
and judicious arrangement, but that all will ap- 
preciate and improve it as a means by which our 
children may, under God's blessing, be safely 
conducted to the knowledge of himself; that our 
sons may be as plants grown up in their youth; 
and that our daughters may be as corner-stones, 
polished after the similitude of a palace. 



188 

2. The ncred observance of the sabbath day. 
Already we have expressed a sincere hope, that 
every member of oorchurch will be punctual in 
his attendance at the bouse of (iod. Besides 
this, we trust that all will be concerned to hold 
up the sabbath throughout, as a day of sacred 
rest from any worldly employment, or any- 
worldly recreation and amusement; and to re- 
vere and observe it as a day which God himself 
hath blessed and hallowed. A caution of this 
kind, and due respect to it from us individually, 
we think the more necessary and seasonable at 
this time, as, in the rapid improvements of the 
present age, by steam, and other mechanical 
contrivances, the facilities of travelling and visit- 
ing, and the objects of curiosity, are so multipli- 
ed and varied, that the professors of religion 
have need of constant care, that they do not, 
under such illusive and ensnaring pretences, 
fall into the spirit and customs of the world. Let 
the members of our church know that they are 
called to be a. holy people. 

3. The medicinal use of ardent spirits. Rea- 
sons analogous to those just offered on the last 
point, might here be applied and urged why, as 
the followers of Christ, we should be infinitely 
vigilant against an evil, which is ever so ready 



140 

to creep upon us under the guise of necessity; 
and why, as the friends not only of religion but 
humanity, we should employ our united efforts 
to discourage and annihilate a fatal custom, 
which has ruined, and is still ruining, here and 
hereafter, thousands of immortal beings. It has 
been well said, that there would be no intemper- 
ate men, if there were not at first temperate men. 
This truth we would do well to remember at all 
times, and to give it as much practical influence 
as possible upon the community. In the use of 
the article now under- consideration, long expe- 
rience has shown that there is scarce any such 
thins as a safe and innocent medium. As a me- 
dicine, it may be used, under the advice of a skil- 
ful physician, but even then, like other medi- 
cines, sparingly and unfrequently, to be of any 
salutary and permanent service. We pray then, 
that our people may individually show an instruc- 
tive and forcible example on this subject, and be 
forward and active to promote, at least by coun- 
sel and practice, the exertions now making in 
many parts of American Christendom, to lessen 
and ultimately extirpate a vice, which has blight- 
ed so many brilliant minds, caused so much pub- 
lic and domestic calamity and distress, and sent 



Ill 

to the wtrld of perdition and despair such num- 
bers of invaluable soul*. 
4. In addition to wh.it has been said, we would 

now make a remark or two on the cultivation of 
a proper and characteristic christian spirit and 
temper. This is doubtless necessary amongst 
ourselves, and also in relation to the numerous 
and growing religious fraternities with which we 
are partlv surrounded, and in which we partly 
mingle, and all of which are alike engaged, as 
we charitably hope, in the one great cause of ex- 
tending the Redeemer's name and glory. Of 
others let us judge, and towards them let us act, 
at all times, upon the enlighted principles of chris- 
tian respect, forbearance, and liberality. Amongst 
ourselves let us ever be careful and solicitous to 
cherish and maintain good feeling and union. 
We are indeed brethren — of the same fold — en- 
joying one common altar — engaged in the same 
important and sublime concern — and professing 
common views of doctrine, of discipline and go- 
vernment. In view of these interesting facts 
permit us now to suggest, that we endeavour on 
all occasions, to preserve within ourselves, and 
promote in each other, the genuine and amiable 
spirit of the gospel of peace; ami, where circum- 
stances will possibly admit, that we adjust and 



142 

settle any difficulties which may occur in the 
transactions of business by a fair and mutual ar- 
bitration, without recourse to those legal proceed- 
ings which are so apt to engender a litigious tem- 
per, and to spoil the quiet and comfort of social 
as well as religious life. 

6. We feel confident, beloved brethren, that 
you will not think that we have insisted too 
strongly upon the importance of our attending 
punctually to the means of grace, and the consis- 
tency of our exemplifying, on all occasions, a cor- 
responding religious character and deportment. 
We have said so much chiefly to awaken season- 
able recollections, and to enkindle sacred and 
fervent resolutions, in regard to duties and con- 
cerns of equal moment and interest to us all. 
For the rising hopes and prosperity of our infant 
Zion, and the diffusion and influence of scriptu- 
ral holiness under our ministry, certainly we 
all should feel and cultivate a deep and common 
solicitude. All the institutions of the church, 
and all its operations, literary, moral and reli- 
gious, should be subjects of our daily reflections 
and prayers. 

But it is a plain case, that no man will feel or 
can feel, a proper interest in the prosperity of the 
church, who enjoys not himself a heartfelt com- 



[43 

mtraion with God. Hence personal piety, in- 
ward holiness, is the paramount concern after 
all. Without charity, without the love of God 
in the soul, all eloquence, 

enterprise, influence, toil or hardship, all i< no- 
thing: a sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal, of 
no price in the sight of God, of no real worth to 
man. Let every one of us, therefore, covenant 
now with God, to endeavour, with his assisting 
and supporting grace, to attain a deeper acquaint- 
ance with divine things, to ha lind which 
u;h in <» ir great living Head, to seek those 
things winch art above, where Christ sitteth on 
the right hand of (rod. to walk in the light as he 
is in the light, to have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness; but to wrestle with 
God night and day, for an increase of personal 
piety, and the gracions and abundant out-pour- 
m_ - of his good spirit. Let every member con- 
sider himself a fellow-citizen with the saints, and 
of the househ >ld of God, and as Buoh, prize his 
glorious callings, and improve his peculiar privi- 
leges as a child of God. 

Let every minister study to show himself ap- 
proved unto God, a workman that needeth not 
to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth: 
saying in the language of the prophet, For 



144 

Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for 
Jerusalem's sake 1 will not rest, until the right- 
eousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the 
salvation thereof, as a lamp that burneth. And 
when the chief shepherd shall appear, ye all shall 
receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. 

Surely, brethren, this is the day which the 
Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in 
it: save now, we beseech thee, Lord; Lord, 
we beseech thee, send now prosperity. 



RECOMMENDED 

By the Book Committee, that the following be the 
general regulations in the creation of Colleges. 

When it is determined by an annual confer- 
ence to organize a college, let the President of 
the district, at the direction of the conference, 
open and carry round a subscription book; and 
when he shall have received subscriptions, equal 
to two thirds of the supposed cost of the neces- 
sary buildings, &,c. let him call upon each cir- 
cuit and station, within the district, to appoint 
one member of a building committee. When 
the building committee shall be appointed by 
the circuits and stations, make it their duty to 



146 

meet tit some central part of the district, prepare 
a plan for the buildings, and select an eligible 
scite; and in due tune have tlie buildings erect- 
ed, and pay for the same out of the moneys 
subscribed and collected. 

Let it also be the duty of the committee to 
appoint, by ballot, trustees to hold the proper- 
ty, by charter of the state, for the purposes con- 
templated in its obtainment. When the trustees 
are elected, let them have power to become incor- 
porated; to elect a president and faculty to con- 
duct the studies of the college; and to fix their 
compensation and periods of service; to regulate 
the charges of tuition; and, with the assistance 
of the president and facility of the college, to 
make such rules and regulations for the govern- 
ment of the institution, as they may deem requi- 
site. 

Let the annual conference of the district have 
power to fill all vacancies that may occur in the 
board of trustees, by death, resignation or other- 
wise. And to require an annual exhibit to the 
conference of the true state and condition of 
the college, and such other information as may 
be deemed necessary, or desirable. 



13 



INDEX 

TO THE 

CONSTITUTION. 



Page 
Elementary principles, - - - 14 

ARTICLE I. 

Title. 
Methodist Protestant Church, 15 

ARTICLE II. 

Terms of Membership. 
Sec. I. Terms of membership, - - " 

" II. State of probation, 16 

M III. Children recognised as enjoying 

probationary privileges, - " 

ARTICLE III. 

Division into Districts, Circuits, and Stations. 
Sec. I. Division into districts, - - 16 
u II. Division of districts into circuits 

and stations, " 

" III. Ministers, preachers, and mem- 
bers entitled to membership 
in any other district, circuit, 
or station, 17 



INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 1 ij 

Page 
ARTICLE IV. 

On receiving Churches, §c. 17 

Sec. I. Manner of receiving churches, - 
" II. What constitutes an individual 
church; and of dividing into 
classes, - 
" III. Powers of individual churches, 18 
11 IV. Churches must conform to the 
constitution, and book of disci- 
pline, - 

ARTICLE V. 

Leaders' Meeting. 
Sec. I. Composition of the leaders' meet- 
ing, 

ARTICLE VI. 

Quarterly Conference. 
Sec I. Composition of the Quarterly con- 
ference, - - - - H 
11 II. Powers of the quarterly confer- 
ence, 19 

ARTICLE VII. 

Composition and powers of the Annual Confer- 
ences. 
Sec I. Composition of the annual confer- 
ences, 20 
11 II. Powers of the annual conferences, C( 
11 III. Power granted to the annual con- 
ferences to raise and collect 



148 INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 

Page 
funds to meet the expenses of 
the itinerant preachers, - 21 
Sec. IV. Additional duties, 

1. To make special rules and re- 

gulations, - 

2. To regulate the mode of sta- 

tioning the preachers, 

3. To make rules and regulations 

for the admission and govern- 
ment of coloured persons; 
and terms of suffrage for them, " 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Composition of the General Conference, 22 

Sec. I. Time and place of holding the ge- 
neral conference, " 

" II. Composition of the general con- 
ference, - 

" III. Manner of electing the represen- 
tatives to the general confe- 
rence, - " 

u IV. Manner of electing the president 

and secretaries, &c. - 23 

" V- Representatives to vote separately, 
at the call of three members, 

" VI. Yeas and nays, 24 

iC VII. The general conference shall 

publish its journal, " 

" VIII. Preservation of books, papers, 

&c. " 



INDEX TO CONSTITUTION* 1 10 

ARTICLE IX 

Powers of the (lateral Conference, 21 

•Sec. I. The general conference to have 
power to make rules and regu- 
lations, - " 

11 II. To fix compensations, duties, and 
allowances; and devise ways 
and means for raising funds, " 

11 III. To regulate the number of repre- 
sentatives, by ratio, for the ge- 
neral conference, 

u IV. To define and regulate the boun- 
daries of annual conference 
districts, - 

ARTICLE X. 

Restrictions on the Legislative Assemblies. SS5 
Sec I. No rule to be passed which shall 

contravene any law of God, M 

u II. No rule to be passed infringing the 

right of suffrage, eligibility, &,c " 

M III. No rule to be passed infringing 
the liberty of speech or of the 
press, - " 

11 IV. No rule to be passed authorizing 
the expulsion of ministers or 
members, except founded on 
the holy scriptures, n 

" V. No rule to be passed appropriating 
the funds of the church except 
for the support of ministers, 
&c. 2G 



150 INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 

Page 
Sbc. VI. No higher order of ministers to 
be authorized, than that of 
elder, .... 26 

cl VII. No rule to be passed to abolish 
an efficient itinerant ministry, 
or to station preachers longer 
than the time specified, - u 

" VIII. No change to be made in the 
relative proportions, or compo- 
nent parts of the general and 
annual conferences, " 

ARTICLE XI. 

Officers of the Church. 

Presidents of annual conferences, how 
elected, time of service, and duties, - 27 

Superintendents, how appointed, see du- 
ties of the superintendents in the discipline, " 

Assistant ministers, how appointed; see 
duties of assistants, in the discipline, - " 

Ministers and preachers not under the 
stationing authority of the annual confer- 
ence, accountable to the quarterly confer- 
ence, -«----- " 

Class leaders, how elected, - - 28 

Conference stewards, how elected, 

Station and circuit stewards, how elected, " 

ARTICLE XII. 

Suffrage and Eligibility to Office. 29 

Sec I. Right of suffrage, - 



INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 151 



29 



Sec. II. Eligibility to the general confer- 
ence, • 
11 III. Eligibility of a delegate to the an- 
nual conference, and to the 

office of stewards, 
ri IV. Eligibility to the office of presi- 

fh'Tit of .'in •nx'o'il ©vnfLionv/c, 
ARTICLE XIII. 

Judiciary Principles, 30 

Sec. I. Offences sufficient to exclude min- 
isters, preachers, and members, u 
11 II. Neglect of duties, u 

11 III. Preaching or disseminating un- 

scriptural doctrines, u 

u IV. Removal from office for mal-ad- 

ministration, " 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Privileges of accused Ministers and Members. 
Sec. I. Ministers, preachers, and members 
to be duly notified of time and 
place for trial, to have a copy 
of the charges and specifica- 
tions, power to challenge, (Sec. 31 

rl II. No minister or preacher to be ex- 
pelled or deprived of ministe- 
rial functions, &.c. without im- 
partial trial, &x. 

" III. No member to be expelled or de- 
prived of church privileges 
without an impartial trial, &c. (< 



152 



INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 



ARTICLE XV. 

Discipline Judiciary. 
Sec. I. Manner of appointing the judiciary, 
" II. Powers of the judiciary, - 
11 III. Their decisions to be in writing, 
»«<J tn be published, together 
with reasons, - 

ARTICLE XVI. 

Special call of the General Conference. 
Sec I. Special meetings of the general con- 
ference, how called, - 
11 II. Presidents of the annual confer- 
ences shall designate the time 
and place, - 

ARTICLE XVII. 

Provision for Altering the Constitution. 

I. General conference to have power 
to amend the constitution, 

II. General convention to have full 
power to alter the constitution, 



Page 
32 



Sec 



Power not delegated, still retained by 
the ministers and members of the Metho- 
dist Protestant Church. - 



33 



34 



DISCIPLINE INDEX. 

Purr. 

Admission to Membership, - - 3-3 

1. Probationers to be received by the su- 

perintendent, - 

2. In stations, the leaders' meeting admit 

to full membership, - 

3. In circuits, admittance to full member- 

ship is by the society, 

Trial of Ministers, Preachers, and Members , 36 

1. Committee for the trial of ministers and 

preachers to be appointed by the 
superintendent; but he is not to go 
out of the limits of the district for 
committee men, - 

2. Committee for the trial of members, to 

be appointed by the accused, and by 
the class, with right of challenge, 

3. A secretary to be appointed by the com- 

mittee, ----- 37 

4. Committee to name the penalty; the su- 

perintendent to carry it into effect, " 

5. Notice to be given of intention to ap- 

peal, 

6. Persons absenting themselves to be tried 

nevertheless, - - . " 



154 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 

. Page 

7. Superintendent to be notified, &c. by 

the president, 38 

8. In cases of personal offence, the direc- 

tion of our Lord to be followed. 
Matt, xviii. 15—17. " 

9. Disputes between members to be settled 

by arbitration, - - 

Leaders' meetings 39 

1. To be opened with prayer, u 

2. Names of all the leaders to be called 

over at each meeting, 

3. Class book's examined quarterly, 

4. Inquiry to be made into the punctuality 

and faithfulness of leaders, 

5. List of probation to be read over once 

a month, - 

6. Superintendent to inquire after the sick, 

&c. 40 

7. Appropriations for relief of the poor to 

be made by the leaders' meeting, 

8. General class meetings appointed by the 

leaders' meeting, - 

Quarterly Conference, 41 

1. Organized by the appointment of a chair- 

man, - 

2. Charges of immorality &,c. to be referred 

to the proper authorities, 

3. Committee for examination of candi- 

dates, 



INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 155 

Page 

4. Times and places of preaching fixed by 

the quarterly conference, 42 

5. Each quarterly conference to keep a re* 

gister of baptisms, &,c. " 

6. Superintendent to give notice of time 

and place for holding the succeeding 
quarterly conference, 

7. Appeals, 

8. Suspended ministers, &,c. not to offici- 

ate while their appeal is pending, 43 

9. Ministers and preachers of other denom- 

inations may be received by the 
quarterly conference, - 

Annual Conference, - - - M 

1. Opened by the president of the past year, M 

2. To Judge of election returns, • 

8. Charges of immorality, how disposed of, 44 

4. No minister to be received without cer- 

tificate, M 

5. No conference or president has power to 

withhold a certificate, 

6. Ministers and preachers must be received 

by vote, - 

7. Manner of transferring ministers and 

preachers, ----- M 

8. Ministers and preachers coming from 

other denominations may be received 

by the conference, 45 

9. Ministers and preachers rejected by con- 

ference, not to be employed by the 
president, except as specified, - M 



156 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 

Page 

10. Eligibility to deacon's orders, - 45 

11. Eligibility to elder's orders, 

12. In cases of missions, &x. qualification 

of time dispensed with, 

13. Qualifications for orders, 

14. Deacons' authority, - 

15. Elders' authority, 46 

16. Ordination, by whom performed, 

17. Appeals, manner of conducting them, M 

18. New trial allowed, 

19. When a station or circuit may be di- 

vided, ----- 47 

20. Conference not obliged to employ in- 

competent men, - - - 

21. No minister or preacher to cease from 

his labours, except by consent of the 
president, - - - - - 

22. Standing committee, - 

23. Ministers and preachers to furnish a 

certificate to the conference steward, " 

24. Annual conference to publish its minutes, 48 

25. Extracts of minutes to be sent to the 

editor of Mutual Rights, &,c. 

26. Public collection in time of conference, 

27. No member to withdraw without per- 

mission, - - - - - 

Advice to Ministers and Preachers, 49 

Duties of the superintendent, 50 

1. To fill the pulpits and administer the or- 
dinances, - 



INDKX TO discipline. 157 

2. To receive persons on probation, - 60 

3i To visit the. clafl ... 

4. To five notice of the approaching quar- 

terly conference, - 

5. To hold love leasts, watch nights, <!yc. 
(>. To detain the society occasionally after 

preaching, 51 

7. To organize the children into classes, 

8. To keep a record of members, mar- 

riages, baptisms, &,c. 

9. To report quarterly to the president, 

10. To give certificates to those who de- 

sire to remove, - " 

11. To employ ministers, 6lc. to assist him 

in the discharge of duty, M 

Duties of Class Leaders, #2 

h To meet his class once a week, 

2. To receive their contributions, 

3. To attend the leaders meeting, 

4. To visit the sick, foe. - 

Duties of the Conference Steward^ - 53 

1. To receive the collections made to meet 

the expenses and claims of confer- 
ence, -.- M 

2. To make the apportionment to the 

preachers, &,c. - M 

3. To make out an exhibit of receipts and 

appropriations, - M 



158 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 

Page 

Duties of circuit and station Stewards, - 55 

1. To keep a fair account of the current re- 

ceipts and disbursements of the cir- 
cuit or station, - 

2. To make the necessary provision for the 

Lord's supper, &,c. and to receive 
and apply the funds for the relief of 
the poor, ----- M 

3. To use proper means to induce liberality 

in support of the gospel, 

4. To take up a conference collection, 

sometime in the last quarter, - 56 
4. To make a collection to aid the general 
conference, - 

General duties of Trustees, 

1. To hold the property of individual 

churches, - 

2. To hold periodical meetings, 

3. To take care of the church property, 

4. To procure or dispose of property on 

specified conditions, - 

General Rules of John and Charles Wesley, 58 

Articles of Religion, 62 

Publication of books, &>c. - - 112 

Publication of periodical, - - - 115 

Course of reading, - - - 116 

Form of a license to exhort, - - 119 

a license to preach, - - 120 

— — — deacon's credentials, - - 121 



INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 159 

J»<gl 

Form of elder's credentials, - 189 

a certificate of membership, - 123 

a certificate for an unstationed 

minister or preacher about to remove, " 
Form of a certificate for a stationed minis- 
ter or preacher about to remove to 

another district, .... 12-4 

Form of a transfer, - 125 

Forms of certificates of election, - - 126 

Form of a marriage register, - - 127 

a register of baptisms, 

Address to the ministers and members of 

the Methodist Protestant Church, 128 

Recommendation for building colleges, 144 



JOHN J. HARROD, 

BOOK AGENT METHODIST P. CHURCH, 

OFFERS THE FOLLOWING WORKS, 

Recommended by the Book Committee, 
for sale at the annexed prices, viz: 

Price, per doz. retail. 

Hymn Book, $4 50 i 

Doddridge's Rise and Progress. $4 50 

Clark on the Promises, 37| 

Christian Pattern, $3 37 1 

Mrs. Rowe's Devout Exercises, $3 37J 

Brown's Philosophy, 2 vols. $33 3.50 
Rollings Ancient History, 8 vol. 4.00 

Blair's Lectures on Rhetoric, 1.50 

The books constituting the course of reading 
recommended in the discipline, may be had of 
the agent at fair prices. 

A general catalogue of books will be furnished 
shortly.